Saturday , November 28 2020

HEPATITIS IN THE BROWSER: RISKS CONTAGIOUS AND ITS CONSEQUENCES IN NOVBORN



Hepatitis is a liver infection that can affect anyone, regardless of sex and age. However, there are two types of viruses that can be transmitted to a child through pregnancy, Hepatitis A and B.

In the first case, the infection is rare, but is generated at the time of delivery "when there is no longer the protection of the mother's womb and its antibodies," explains gynecologist-obstetrician for maternal fetal medicine Clinice Vespucio, Dr. Francisco Diaz.

In hepatitis B virus-derived, transmission can be avoided if the child receives the necessary drugs from the moment of birth. "If the amount of virus in the mother's blood is very high, it is also necessary to point to an additional pharmacological treatment during pregnancy, in order to reduce the possibility of infection," says the specialist.

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In both types of hepatitis, most patients have no symptoms. Only in some cases there is a general illness, with muscular pain, loss of appetite, similar signs of influenza. Yellow eyes and skin can also appear, very dark urine and colorless gestures.

Who is in danger?

Hepatitis A causes a change in multiple liver function, but is short-lived and completely reversible, so it does not cause major complications during pregnancy for the mother. However, if a minor gets it, "the risks are higher, mainly because of the great potential for infections on other near-infants," says a gynecologist.

Hepatitis B is more dangerous, both for mother and child, both are at risk of developing chronic hepatitis and the development of liver failure or even liver cancer. "Chronic infection is much more common in infants, so it is more common to develop these complications," says the doctor.

Recommendations

The hepatitis A infection is called faecal-oral, because it is acquired by the introduction of some food or water contaminated with chairs. Therefore, as with all oral infections, washing hands before preparing food, before they occur, after going to the bathroom and drinking water for drinking is essential.

By contrast, the method of acquiring hepatitis B is in contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. In order to avoid infection, the most important is to follow the same preventive measures used to prevent HIV infection. Among them is the use of a condom, having one sexual partner and not sharing syringes if they use intravenous drugs. To prevent infections of newborns, immunoglobulins-antibodies are used exclusively for B-virus and a vaccine is placed against the same virus.

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