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How does the distribution of meals affect weight?



More and more studies suggest that a key factor affecting our weight is the violation of the circadian rhythms of the body, which helps you prepare for what is waiting for you: sleep, food and other activities. In other words, it is important not only that we eat, but also when we do it, we pick up the Republic portal.

A study conducted by a group of Israeli researchers in 2013 has shown the importance of our meal arrangement. Study participants who had excess weight limited the amount of calories consumed to 1,400 kilocalories. In addition, they were divided into two groups, one of which consumed more kilocalories in the first part of the day, and the other in the afternoon. After three months of feeding, women first group They lost 2.5 times the weight from those of the other.

"Molecular Clock"

There is no doubt that the circadian rhythms of the body are closely related to metabolism and digestion. In every cell of the body there are & quot; molecular & quot; & quot; which regulate the processes Inside, among them the production of hormones and neurotransmitters, blood pressure and the activity of the immune system.

These & # 39; watches & # 39; in different organs are synchronized with each other and controlled by a small part of the brain located in the hypothalamus and is called & quot;suprachiasmatic nucleus & # 39;. The activity of the core neuron changes during the day and reacts to the outside light, as well as to other signals such as temperature or food.

Because of the circadian rhythms, at different times of the day different biochemical reactions are activatedwhich allows the body to perform its functions better, recovers and changes tasks. Therefore, during sudden change of time zones, a person has problems sleeping and digestion, or even may feel a general weakness.

According to modern studies, the functioning of liver cells and digestive system depends on hours of meal and its amount. The metabolism of fat and carbohydrates in food is a complex process requiring the coordination of a number of organs: the liver, the intestine, the pancreas, among others. When synchronous work is interrupted, the body becomes less efficient. For example, an international team of scientists discovered in a 2014 survey that an irregular sleep can double the performance of insulin sensitivity and inflammatory activity.

There are other studies of this type that indicate that meal time can affect metabolism, body weight, sleep, and other health indicators. In addition, there are studies that have identified (in mice and humans) a positive effect Food with a time limit & # 39;, in which all day meals should be produced in the & # 39; window; from 8 or 10 hours.

Therefore, the intake of food is richer in energy should not be delayed for the second half of the dayand the regularity of eating habits can become a very healthy habit, in the same way as the intake of vegetables and the reduction in the consumption of sugar.


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