Saturday , February 4 2023

Infertility in women: causes, symptoms and diagnosis


The female infertility it corresponds to 40% of cases related to gender factors that prevent the baby, but currently there are methods that allow this sleep to be fulfilled, such as assisted reproduction.

Dr. Karina del Carmen Olmos de la Torre, a specialist in gynecology and obstetrics, shows that it is very important to understand what is female infertility and its causes or factors. One of the first to consider is age, because it refers to 25% of cases in women over 35 and 30% for those over 40 years of age, according to a specialist,

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines infertility as an inability of the couple to become pregnant after 12 months of frequent sexual intercourse without contraceptive methods in women under 35 who have been reduced to 6 months of sexual intercourse for women over 35

Overall, the causes of infertility are divided into 40% by male factors, 40% by women, 10% by mixed factors, and the last 10% by unknown causes.

Regarding the most common causes of infertility in women, the WHO points out that:

Ovulation disorders (25%)

Endometriosis (15%)

Plastic adhesion (12%)

Tubular obstruction (11%)

Other pipe changes (11%)

Hyperprolactinaemia (7%)

A large percentage of cases of female infertility is asymptomatic, however, when present, Dr. Carmen explains that the following signs or symptoms have been identified: incorrect menstruation, excretion of breast milk, moderate to severe pain.

In order to carry out an adequate diagnosis of female infertility, an Ingenesis expert indicates that factors such as disease history, lifestyle and various tests must be assessed, including several aspects:

Clinical history

Duration of infertility

History of menstruation (characteristics and duration)

Medical and surgical history

Obstacles Background

Family history (infertility, genetic)



Physical research

Body Mass Index and Physical Characteristics (Habitus)

Tiger and Mother

The vaginal touch turns off the tumor when a suspected plural disease is suspected.

Diagnostic tests

Seed analysis for the detection of male infertility

Transvaginal ultrasound for the assessment of uterine and ovarian caries

Hysterosalpingography, when the cause of the tube is suspected

Other hormone tests (FSH and AMH).

When should the diagnosis of female infertility be established?

Timely diagnosis is vital for obtaining the most appropriate treatment for the appropriate cause of female infertility, as the quality of ovulation decreases with age.

For the above, Dr. Karina del Carmen recommends that women under 35 go ​​for review: if after a year of sexual intercourse they have not reached pregnancy, over 35 years after 6 months, and 6 months ago if they have any of the following characteristics:

Be older than 40 years

Common menstrual periods


History of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

How to know if I'm fertile?

Remember that if you and your partner were trying to be your parents for a long time, but you can not, it's very important that you go to an assisted reproductive assistant who will perform infertility tests and can give you an accurate diagnosis as well as the best treatment option that will meet your needs . His dream is to have a baby.

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