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Practice the best weapon against abdominal fat

Scientists know that the type of fat that can be measured by the tape is not the most dangerous. But which is the most effective way to combat internal and visceral fat that can not be seen or felt? The answer is simple: practice, according to the results of the study published in the Proceedings of the clinical exercises Majo.

Researchers from the University Medical Center in the Southwest of Texas, in the United States, analyzed two types of interventions: modification of lifestyle (exercise) and pharmacology (medicine), in order to learn the best way to overcome fat in the depth of the abdomen.

Visceral fat can affect local organs or the entire body system. Systemic can affect the heart and liver, as well as the abdominal organs, "says study author and cardiologist Ian J. Neeland, assistant professor of internal medicine. "When studies use a weight or body mass index as a metric, we do not know if interventions reduce fat anywhere in the body, or just near the surface," he added.

To find out, these researchers evaluated changes in visceral fat in 3,602 participants for a period of six months, measured by computed tomography or magnetic resonance testing.

Both exercise and medication have led to less visceral fat, but reductions are more important in exercise.

"The place and type of fat is important," says Neeland, a family clinic in clinical care. "Exercise can really dissolve visceral fat," he added. "If weigh only BMI or BMI, the health benefits of losing weight can be underestimated."

Fat, active organ

Participants were 65 percent women, with an average age of 54 years and average BMI at the time of enrollment of 31 years. The authors controlled exercise regimens. Most of the trials were conducted in the United States and Canada, while the pharmacological tests included the United States, Canada, Sweden, Japan, and four multinational cohorts.

Drugs used by study participants were approved by the US Drug Administration (FDA) or were in the FDA approval line. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, obesity affects nearly 40% of adult Americans.

Dr Neeland noted that researchers had previously thought that fat was an inert storage, but over the years this vision has developed and fat is now considered an active organ.

"Some people who have obesity have heart disease, diabetes, or metabolic syndrome, and others do not," Neeland said. Our study suggests that a combination of approaches can reduce visceral fat and potentially prevent these diseases.

Print edition

The original text of this article was published on 02/11/2019 in our printed edition.

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