Mars looks like a survey of space exploration. Only 40 percent of the missions on this planet were successful. Landing on the red floor is torture.
InSight, the new mission of NASA, will try to support this Monday and continue the successful conduct of the US agency on Mars. It will do this with a platform already tested in Phoenician Mission in 2008.
The landing will take about six minutes, during which NASA technicians can not do anything.
They will also learn about their progress eight minutes later due to the 160 million kilometers that are now separating Mars from Earth.
This will be landing
Six minutes before arrival, InSight will enter 19,800 kilometers per hour in marine atmosphere. It will be 114 kilometers from the ground.
Atmospheric friction helps reduce speed, but also creates heat. Thermal protection InSight resists up to 1500 degrees Celsius.
When it's 11 km from the ground, the parachute will open. At that time the speed of the ship is 1,400 km / h.
Three minutes before landing, InSight will discard the heat shield and spread out three slopes. At a speed of 215 km / h, it will also separate the parachute and the rear shell. It will be one mile from the surface.
At that time, 12 lowered engines will turn on to further reduce their speed. The road will travel at 27 km / h and 50 meters above the ground.
Fifteen seconds earlier, InSight will travel at 8 km / h and finally land on a plain near the equator called Elisium Planitia.
InSight was launched on May 5 this year and is working on Mars for two Earth years or one March.
During the night of red winters, the temperature drops to almost 100 degrees below zero, and dust is common.
In this hostile environment, the robotic vehicle will explore the core of Mars and strive to expand knowledge of its formation and that of other rocky planets, like the Earth.
So far, the Mars mission has captured surface images, studied stones, searched for traces of water that once stood on Mars, and even organic molecules that indicate the possibility that it was once inhabited. But it has never been explored inside.
InSight will describe the size, composition and condition of the core of the Red Planet, the characteristics of its bark and the shallow and thermal state of its interior.
Analyze the seismic activity of the planet and the impact of the meteorite.
He has a robotic arm that will remove several instruments from the "trunk" of the ship and put them on the Martian floor.
One of these devices has the ability to make a hole up to five meters deep.