Thursday , August 11 2022

The mining industry of the Moon could function, with the right approach



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Month of the Earth. Increasingly experts see this "eighth continent" as a nearby world of natural resources that sits on the edge of the Earth's gravity drill, ready to read.

Aside from visionary curiosity, clarity is the first step. The right combination of the vision, the pile of moon mules, the make-it-happen technology and the political will unlock the monthly wealth.

Recent report – "Commercial Lunar Fuel Architecture: a collaborative study of the production of lunar fuelsThis assessment by industry writers, NASA, lunar scientists and space advocates is focused on extracting water from the Moonlight permanently shaded regions for use as rocket fuel.

Connected: Home on the Moon: How to Build a Lunar Colony (Infographics)

The report explains that, in combination with higher levels of reuse and lander, spacious supply of propellant fuel has long been considered a key to enable economical access to a larger part of the inner solar system.

Moreover, the recent confirmation of the lunar polar evaporators provides an access point for the supply line with a propellant gas in the universe. Refueling can "linearize" the rocket equation, the study shows.

Multipurpose resource

The newly developed extraction technique for the moon under thermal exploitation uses mirrors for the exploitation of sun-filled polar crates loaded with water.

(Image: © School of Mines / Dreier, Villiams, Sovers)

An estimate of over 170 pages indicates an unconfirmed assertion: "In the desert, gold is useless and water is invaluable."

Past scientific missions month have provided direct evidence that the sunny areas are close to the lunar poles of the water ice storage. Once confirmed through the truth on the ground, this resource can also be divided into hydrogen and oxygen via electrolysis. Oxygen can then be used to sustain life, and hydrogen and oxygen can be burned for rocket propulsion.

But there is more. Thanks to the shallow gravity well of the Moon, it is reported in the newspaper, these products obtained from the water can be exported to fully restore the new economic opportunities in the universe.

Heaven factor ka-chinga

NASA's Kilopover Project: A level of power that would be suitable for access, extraction and processing of lunar ice in permanently overshadowed craters and would help to produce fuel production, say lawyers.

(Image: © NASA)

The study identified the annual demand of 500 tons (450 metric tons) of the lunar propellant gas at the level of 2,700 tons (2,450 tons) processed. lunar water, generating revenue of $ 2.4 billion a year.

It is a heavenly factor that should not be ignored. The initial investment for this operation, according to the report, is estimated at $ 4 billion, about the cost of a luxury hotel in Las Vegas.

"This was a very significant and thorough joint effort of industry, government and academia to compile a detailed and realistic analysis," said Angel Abud-Madrid, director of the Spatial Resources Center at the Colorado Mining School in Golden.

"He presents the approach, challenges and payments of developing a private business for harvesting and processing polar ice ice as the cornerstone of the lunar, cis-taxic and orbiting economies of the country," he told Space.com.

The report provides concrete proposals for both public and private sectors to work together and accelerate progress, Abud Madrid said. "Literally, no" lunar stone "did not remain unmistakable!"

Connected; Photos: A search for water on the moon

Phase approach

A government-funded, privately owned, robot could feature and map ice and other substances in almost permanently obscured areas of the Moon.

(Image: © NASA)

However, the report also acknowledges that the commercial lunar drive system will be a huge venture. Phase approach is recommended, each phase is used to increase the maturity of technologies, attracting increased levels of investment and the development of the market and customers.

For example, the report describes the phase development program. In order to establish business sustainability and ensure adequate funding, the following items must be completed before, or in parallel with, the following stages:

– Establish benchmarks proposed by NASA and others in terms of fuel demand, price and location of use as a customer base.
– Undertake research and research on the polar regions of the Moon.
– Develop an improved space law to facilitate the commercial use of lunar resources.
– Establish commercial lunar propulsion companies that will manage many subcontractors.
– Secure investments for technology development and maturity.

There are many challenges ahead for the Moon-hunting companies, as well as those moving to Mars. Most are technological, but others require legal solutions.

(Image: © James Vaughan)

As stated in the report, there are potential legal issues.

"There are many challenges that lie ahead for these new mining companies in the universe. Most are technological, but others require legal solutions," the report said.

According to the report, several possible issues are highlighted. To make mining on the Moon really summer, the right to own any extracted resources must be confirmed, along with priority rights to mining requirements. Non-interference in mining operations should also be a leading factor, as well as the need for regulatory clarity without excessive regulation.

Develop a consensus

The announcement of the new report is George Sovers, a professor of spatial resources at the Mines School in Colorado.

"My main goals were the high management of NASA. I'm trying to push them into a joint effort to move to the lunar ice for producing propellant," Sovers told Space.com. Its primary goal is to develop a consensus on the way forward.

Allies in NASA, Sovers said, "pushed the lunar suppressed exploitation of in-situ resources [ISRU] to be part of the basic return program to the Moon, but with limited success. A few heavy players are against it. "

The commercial use of lunar polar evaporators provides an access point for a supply line with a propagation gas in the space.

(Image: © James Vaughan)

Same old puzzle

Sovers said it was the same old mystery: "If we have not done so far, we can not make it a part of the starting line. But if it is not a part of the baseline, it is not financed, except for a few coins from the technology that is decreasing. "

One of the goals of the report, Sovers said, was to show that all individual parts of the commercial lunar drive architecture are clear.

On an encouraging note, Sovers feels that the lunar ISRU may receive a trajectory that NASA deserves this year. But, he added, "I believe in seeing him."

Leonard David is the author of the upcoming book "Moon Rush: A New Space Race" to be published by National Geographic in May 2019. Longtime Space.com writer David has been reporting space technology for more than five decades. Follow us on Twitter @ Spacedotcom or Facebook.

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