Friday , May 7 2021

They warn that breastfeeding is significantly below what is recommended

Babies should receive breast milk as the only food in the first six months Credit: Shutterstock

Return to work, lack of space for breastfeeding and misinformation affect the abandonment of this practice; only 42% of the baby gets only milk from mother to six months

Although last year there were 7% more women who breastfeed their babies during the first six months of their life, breastfeeding continued to be a problem in public health. The official report suggests that while 68% of mothers put a baby to their chest in the first hour of their lives, only 42% have an exclusive breastfeeding which is recommended for 180 days, according to a new edition of the National Breastfeeding Survey (Enalac). This means that almost 60% of the baby does not receive only breast milk for up to six months.

"The figures are far below what we want," says Guadalupe Mangialavari, research coordinator of the National Directorate of Maternity and Childhood and Adolescence (Dinamia) of the Ministry of Health of the United Nations. And he adds: "We need to give priority to breastfeeding for its multiple benefits, it is urgent."

Returning to work or studying, the lack of "friendly spaces" of breastfeeding and even disinformation affect the decision to leave.

In considering whether the time spent by the mother and baby during the day affects the continuity of breastfeeding, the results confirmed this. An average interval of four hours per day was considered. This period was sufficient to reduce breastfeeding from 91.6% to 85.9% in those under 6 months or 79.9% to 72.7% in those of the year.

"We must ensure that all institutions, universities and workplaces have room for breastfeeding and respect the breastfeeding woman," Mangialaury added. "Often, the first barrier is an employer who has to withstand time, but often associates, who are much more tolerant in that regard
Pause to go to smoke what it will do
Pause to express milk. "

Already in the first research on myths and beliefs in the population Argentina Argentina made milk Argentina three years ago, half of the 16 years involved in the equalization of ink with artificial versions on the market.

"If the population thinks that the formula for babies is good as breastfeeding, we are in trouble as a society," says Mangialauri, "breastfeeding mothers do not give a formula, we have a serious health problem in children's eating because it does not evaluate it."

Maternal milk is also attributed to a positive effect on weight during growth. "In addition to providing all the nutrients needed for babies in the first six months of life and protecting against common diseases in children (diarrhea and respiratory infections), there is increasing evidence that breastfeeding can benefit Longevity, such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence, "reports the World Health Organization. "It reduces 26% of overweight and 35% of incidence of type 2 diabetes," says Dinamia team.

Reduce risks

Babies should receive breast milk as the only food in the first six months of life. Only then should we incorporate the food from half-cooled cooling and continue breastfeeding in a complementary way for at least two years. This, as noted in the report, halves the risk of diarrhea, and the third possibility for children to have respiratory infections, including hospitalization for the above reasons. Bronchiolitis is the most common lung infection, especially two years ago. The research that the Children's Foundation has been working for years in the country supports breastfeeding among the natural protection factors against the respiratory syncytial virus, which pediatric hospitals fall each year.

Enalac had a representative sample of the population for almost a year and a half of every province: 18,566 babies, organized in two groups, under six months and boys between 12 and 15 months. Unlike previous releases since 2007, the Mangialauri team has taken sociodemographic and health indicators into account in order to improve results.

In eight provinces there were changes in comparison with previous years of breastfeeding in the group of the smallest. While in Tierra del Fuego, Buenos Aires, Jujui, La Pampa and San Luis the value of improved, in Misiones, San Juan and Santa Fe have been reduced.

The formula for children was the most frequent replacement of breast milk in children under six months (59%), while cow's milk was the most common option (8%).

"Almost all infants can receive breast milk and all women can breastfeed," say from Dinamia, "there are only a few contraindications (total or partial), such as galactomia (accumulation in the body of galactose, sugar lactose in breast milk), HIV infection or phenylketonuria (difficulty in treating proteins, phenylalanine, from food), so that the health team must be warned and trained to avoid unnecessarily interfering with breastfeeding. "

For example, attention data indicates, for example, exclusive breastfeeding is much lower in children born too much (seven months of gestation) or below bodyweight than in those who exceed 2500 grams at birth (34.7 and 54.7%), .

"A baby born with a low birth weight that leaves the breastfeeding establishment is the responsibility of the health team, and every opportunity that we do not protect at first is an opportunity we lose," Mangialaury says.

Report at the national level

It is based on a sample of over 18,000 babies

68 p
or table

They are mothers who got a baby to their chest in the first hour of their lives

26 percent

With exclusive breastfeeding, this percentage was reduced by overweight and 35%, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children

59 percent

From mothers, she chose the formula for children as the most common replacement for breastfeeding in children under six months

Unmanaged tool

In the free line 0800-222-1002 (option 7) of the Ministry of Health, the Nation received only 184 breastfeeding consultations from across the country. The most common concerns are related to a small amount of milk for the baby, chest pain, how it is the correct way of breastfeeding, if the drugs can be used during breastfeeding, how it is managed during separation to go to work, how to conserve milk and what is the ideal age of rest .

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