Tuesday , January 31 2023

This ice crater near Mars's north pole is a winter wonderland (photos)



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This ice crater near Mars's north pole is a winter wonderland (photos)

This picture from Mars Express from the European Space Agency shows the Crater Korolev, located near the north pole of Mars. The crater coordinates are 165 degrees E, 73 degrees N in the Martian surface.

Copyright: ESA / DLR / FU Berlin, CC BI-SA 3.0 IGO

The images of the "always ice" Mars Cretaceous reveal a distant, but enchanting winter earth of wonders.

What appears to be a bowl of fresh snow in these paintings published by the European Space Agency (ESA) on Thursday (December 20th) is actually a ice deposit that cools the air moving through it, officials said.

The ice is located in the deepest parts of this formation, called the wing of the Korolev, and as the air moves through the ice, it cools and melts, creating cold air above the cold tray.

This ESA Mars Express image shows the King's Crater, and consists of five observations, each with different orbiting aircraft. The High Definition Stereo Camera (HRSC) instrument took data that formed the image.

This ESA Mars Express image shows the King's Crater, and consists of five observations, each with different orbiting aircraft. The High Definition Stereo Camera (HRSC) instrument took data that formed the image.

Copyright: ESA / DLR / FU Berlin, CC BI-SA 3.0 IGO

ESA officials called this phenomenon a "cold snare" because the air acts as a shield to make the crater "permanently frozen."

Crater Korolev is 82 kilometers (51 miles) away and is located south of the terrain surrounding the Olimpia Undae, the northern polar cap of Mars. Under the crater, it can reach a depth of two kilometers below the perimeter, deeper than the Earth's Great Canyon.

This picture depicts a landscape in and around the Crater of the Caribbean, a characteristic of 82 kilometers (51 miles) found in the northern lowlands of Mars. Bold white box indicates the region shot by Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera over orbiting 18042, 5726, 5692, 5654, and 1412. The height of the terrain is indicated by the blue colors that are indicated by the tape at the bottom.

This picture depicts a landscape in and around the Crater of the Caribbean, a characteristic of 82 kilometers (51 miles) found in the northern lowlands of Mars. Bold white box indicates the region shot by Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera over orbiting 18042, 5726, 5692, 5654, and 1412. The height of the terrain is indicated by the blue colors that are indicated by the tape at the bottom.

Credit: NASA MGS MOLA Science Team

A high resolution stereo camera at the Mars Express mission satellite at the space agency captured five different "tape" crates, each of which came from different spaceships of the spaceship. By combining them, one picture was made.

Mars Express has a connection with Christmas – the mission first fired its main engine to enter the March orbit on December 25, 2003, after about six months of travel from Earth. Mars Express is the world's first spacecraft to explore another planet, but the high-resolution stereoscopic camera and mineralogy mapping spectrometers originated from an earlier mission called Mars 96, which fell shortly after its launch on November 16, 1996.

Follow Doris Elin Salazar on Twitter@ salazar_elin. follow us @ Spacedotcom, Facebook and Google +. Original article on Space.com.

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