Tuesday , January 31 2023

Why are there lights on the Christmas tree? What do they mean?



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The brightness of Christmas trees has significantly developed over several centuries

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Few things can inspire so much fascination in seasonal changes as a well-lit Christmas tree. Worldwide, the cities are tall trees with detailed illuminated decorations that attract thousands of people around them. This tradition of illuminating the Christmas tree, which we see today, serves as a bright lighthouse in the darkest part of the year, has been developed for several hundred years.

The earliest ritual use of evergreen wood and light comes from ancient pagans, who symbolized this combination life in the death of the winter. Christians are believed to have adopted the pagan tradition of combustion of the July diary – although there are no references to its Christian usage before the sixteenth century, and perhaps not related to pagan practice – and soon began to introduce evergreens into homes.

In the seventeenth century, German Christians combined the July burning with Christmas trees, whose branches were decorated with candles, which begins the tradition of the illuminated Christmas tree. There is a legend that accompanies the idea of ​​Martin Luther, but the first documented reference to the illuminated Christmas tree dates back to 1660.

Christmas tree arrived in the US with German Moravians who settled in Pennsylvania and North Carolina at the beginning of the 19th century. As early as the 1920s, Christmas tree became popular and was mentioned in the Matthev Zahm magazine from Lancaster, who saw his friends "on the hill at Kendrick's sawmill", asking for a good tree to put in his living room. to be.

In 1851, Mark Carr opened the first retail store for the sale of Christmas trees, with a tree that led from Mount Catskill to the Washington market in New York. Five years later, Christmas Tree began as an American tradition when President Franklin Pierce used one to decorate the White House for Christmas.

Everyone puts Christmas Tree (Gallery)

As more and more people met the Christmas tree in their homes, they began to notice some problems with the design of torched candles. The first difficulty was securing candles on branches. People tried to swallow candles with needles, tie them with wire or wires, and even use melted wax as glue. Unfortunately, none of these methods worked.

In 1878, Frederick Artz invented a kind of pliers for the firm holding of candles on any branch, but this led to another danger that the trees had become potentially dangerous fires. At that time, the trees continued to burn only about 30 minutes, and even then they had much attention and always kept water and sand bins.

Unhealthy Christmas tree fires began to be commonplace, and insurance companies eventually paid for fires. With the popularity of Christmas trees, it was clear that an alternative source of light was needed.

In 1882, Edvard Johnson, vice president of the electrical company Edison Electric Light Compani, responded to this need with the first Christmas tree light. As Johnson lived in the first section of New York with electric wiring, he exhibited in his home the first tree decorated with 80 red, white and blue lamps connected by hand.

BOŽIĆ, DREV, HISTORY

Congress Library | PD
The family gathered around the Christmas tree with candles lit up in 1900.

Tomas Edison was impressed with the idea and over the next 8 years he and Johnson refined electric light bars until they had a market product called "Edison miniature lamps for Christmas trees". These new and safer lights were largely successful in the United States after President Grover Cleveland used them on the White House tree in 1895. However, since the lights had to be connected by hand and by the necessary force, the excessive cost for an average American.

1903. General Electric introduced the first Christmas lamp connected from the factory. They were still expensive: each tape costs $ 12, slightly less than the average weekly salary of that time. These "festoons," as they call them, came with eight miniature glass lamps and a plug in the wall.

General Electric tried to patent the lights, but since the technology is based on a common knowledge of electricity, it was rejected. As a result, many competitors appeared, including NOMA (NOMA), which will later become NOMA Electric Company. NOMA dominated the Christmas industry until the 1960s, when competition from foreign imports led the company into bankruptcy.

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