On Wednesday, researchers at the International Stroke Conference, the American Stroke Association in Honolulu, presented the largest study on the use of e-cigarettes and the risk of stroke.
The researchers reviewed data for 66,795 e-cigarette users and 343,856 non-smokers, and found that using e-cigarettes could increase the person's risk for different conditions.
Namely, the researchers found that the use of e-cigarettes could increase the risk of stroke by 71%, heart attack by 59% and coronary heart disease by 40%.
However, they were not able to accurately determine how much or how much a person would have to use e-cigarettes to contribute to these risks, said Paul Ndunda, lead author of the study, for INSIDER.
- "This is a preliminary study that calls for more longitudinal studies that can identify causes and effects," Ndund told INSIDER.
Despite the growing popularity of e-cigarettes, existing research on devices has been low. On Wednesday, however, researchers at the International Stroke Conference, the American Stroke Association in Honolulu, presented the largest ever study on the use of e-cigarettes and the risk of stroke, which showed that the use of these tobacco-consuming devices could increase the risk of stroke, as and heart disease and heart attack.
The researchers used data from the 2016 Influenza Risk Monitoring System (BRFSS), an annual telephone survey conducted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that examines risk factors for US citizen health, chronic conditions and the use of health factors of service . In particular, they watched cases of stroke, heart disease and heart attack in 66,795 e-cigarette users and 343,856 non-smokers. Based on this information, the researchers found a link between the use of e-cigarettes and an increased risk for the above conditions.
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It has been found that the use of e-cigarettes increases the risk of stroke by 71%, heart attack by 59% and coronary heart disease by 40%. Researchers, however, were unable to accurately determine how much or how often a person would have to use e-cigarettes to increase the risk, as the data set did not include this information.
In addition, as researchers only observed the results of the research, and not the death records, they were unable to link the use of e-cigarettes to death.
In spite of the fact that this is the largest study ever on the use of e-cigarettes and health, there are some discrepancies that need to be emphasized
As mentioned, researchers could not determine how much and how often a person would have to use e-cigarettes to increase the risk of these health problems. Similarly, they were not able to conclude that the increased risks were directly related to nicotine, or if other components in e-cigarettes played a role, said Paul Ndunda, lead author of the study, for INSIDER.
"There is variability in e-cigarettes and nicotine doses," he said, adding that "nicotine is not the only thing in these e-cigarettes and that different companies produce them," so that their ingredients can differ significantly.
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In addition, as researchers were unable to control all potential causes of the disease, there is no reliable correlation between devices and specific health risks. Although researchers could control factors such as age, sex, diabetes, smoking status and body mass index, Ndunda said they were not able to control any potential risk factor in the CDC data set, such as access to healthcare.
"This is a preliminary study that calls for more longitudinal studies that can identify causes and effects," Ndund told INSIDER.
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While more definitive research is needed on the link between the use of e-cigarettes and health risks, these results suggest that modern devices can significantly affect the health of an individual.
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