Published on Monday, November 12, 2018. 14:11 EST
Last Updated on Monday, November 12, 2018. 15:06 EST
LOS ANGELES – Stan Lee, a creative dynamo that revolutionized the comic and helped create billions for Hollywood by introducing human weaknesses in superheroes such as Spider-Man, Fantastic Four and Incredible Hulk, died on Monday. He was 95 years old.
Lee was pronounced dead at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, according to Kirk Schenck, lawyer for Lee's daughter J.C. Lee.
As a top writer in Marvel Comics and later as his publisher, Lee is widely regarded as an architect of contemporary comics books. He revived the industry of the 1960s, offering costumes and action by younger readers, insisting on sophisticated plots, dialogue at college level, satires, scientific fantasy, and even philosophy.
Millions responded to the incredible mix of real fantasy, and many of his characters, including Spider-Man, Hulk and X-men, became the stars of the blockbuster. The recent projects he helped enabled enabled Black Panther and Doctor Strange to reach such TV series as "Agents S.H.I.E.L.D" and "Guardians of the Galaxy." Lee was recognizable to his fans – he had films in Marvel's films and television projects, gray hair and her glasses darkened.
"I think that everyone likes things that are bigger than life … I think of them as adult fairy tales," he told the Associated Press in an interview for 2006. "We all grew up with giants and hedgehogs and witches. Well, you're getting older and it's too old to read fairy tales, but I do not think you're ever going over your love for those things, things that are bigger than life, both magic and very imaginative."
Lee considered the middle-aged book of the art form and was fruitful: on some books, he came out with a new comic book every 10 years.
"I wrote many things that I do not know, I wrote them hundreds or thousands of them," the AP said in 2006.
He hit his own sixties when he brought Fantastic Four, Hulk, Spider-Man, Iron Man and many others in life.
"It was like there was something in the air, I could not do anything wrong," he recalled.
His heroes, in the meantime, were far from virtual winners like rival DC Comics Superman.
Fantastic four fought each other. Spider-Man was inflamed in the superheroid work of his alter ego, Peter Parker, who suffered from untidy crushing, money problems and dandruff. A Silver Surfer, an alien condemned to the wandering of the Earth's atmosphere, has resurrected the dark nature of man. Hulk marked self-esteem. Daredevil was blind and Iron Man had a bad heart.
"The beauty of Stan Lee's characters is that they are the first characters and the next characters," said Jeff Kline, executive producer of the animated television series "Men in Black" for The Blade of Toledo, Ohio, in 1998. "
Some of Lee's creations have become symbols of social change-Spider-Man's internal turmoil represented 60s in America, for example, while The Black Panther and The Savage She-Hulk reflected the hard work of minorities and women.
Lee wrote most of Marvel's superhero comics of the sixties, including Avengers and Ks-Men, two of the most wanted. In 1972 he became Marvel's publisher and editor-in-chief; Four years later, 72 million copies of Spider-Man have been sold.
"He became our Mickey Mouse," he once said of the masked, cruising cruise.
Lee also published several books, including "The Superhero Vomen" in 1977 and "How to Draw Comics the Marvel Vai" next year, when the publisher of the year released the Periodical and Book Association of America.
CBS turned Hulk into a successful TV series, and Bill Bikbie and Lou Ferrigno show the sentenced scientist 1978-82. The Spider-Man series appeared briefly in 1978. Both characters appeared in the animated TV series.
The first big budget film based on Lee's characters, X-men, was smash in 2000, earning more than $ 130 million in North American theaters. "Spider-Man" is even better, taking more than $ 400 million in 2002.
Stanley Martin Lieber was born on December 28, 1922 in New York. He grew up as a fan of Hardy Bois adventure books and Errol Flinn's films, and after finishing high school he got a job at Timeli Comics.
Within months, the editor and art director gave up, leaving Leeu's 17-year-old creative control over a company that grew up and renamed Atlas Comics and, finally, Marvel. Liber changed his name, thinking Lee would use "stupid little comic books" and his real name would be reserved for novels.
His early work reflects to a large extent popular films – Westerners, criminal drama, romance, anything in anger at the time. He worked about 50 cents per page.
After staying in the Army during the Second World War, writing training films, he returned to Marvel to start a long and, first of all, a boring work on the production of comic stripes.
The comics of the fifties of the last century were the subject of Senate senates pushed by the Office of Authorial Codes, frowning upon the characters and characters that questioned the authorities. Larger comic book companies have accepted this code as a form of self-regulation to avoid sanctions.
Lee also said he works for a publisher who considers comics as a price-only tariff for children.
"One day, I said," This is crazy, "said Li Guardiana in 1979." I'm just doing the same kinds of stories as everyone else. I'm not proud of my work and I wanted to stop. But my wife said: "Look, why do not you make any comics you want to change?" & # 39;
The result was the first number of "The Fantastic Four" in 1960, with characters, plot and text from Li and the illustration of the famous Marvel artist Jack Kirby.
The characters were normal people turned into involuntary superheroes without their guilt.
Writing in the Origins of Marvel Comics, Lee described the quartet as follows: "Characters would be the kind of characters I could personally refer to, they would be flesh and blood, they would have their own mistakes and shortcomings, Tenderness and consciously and – what most important of all – in their colorful, costume boots, they would still have feet of clay. "
"The Incredible Man-Spider" came in 1962, and above all, Marvel Comics was an industrial behemoth.
Lee knew that his work was different, proudly saying that the stories were drawn into several questions to make no money, but to develop characters, situations and themes better. He did not neglect his villains. One, Moleman, went badly when he was sharp about his appearance, Lee wrote, adding that it was "almost unusual in the comic" to explain why the character was what it was.
Left direct influence faded in the 1970s, when he gave up his editorial duties in Marvel. But with his trademark white mustache and tinted glasses, he was the most recognizable figure in the industry. He was teaching a lot of popular culture.
Lee moved to Los Angeles in 1981 to lead Marvel Productions, an animation studio that was later bought, along with Marvel Comics, for $ 50 million by Nev World Entertainment.
Since the sale of the comic book was rejected, Marvel was forced into bankruptcy proceedings, which meant he had to cancel a life contract that banned Lee from working for anyone else. Lee later sued Marvel for $ 10 million, saying the company had deceived him a million profits from films based on his characters.
In 2000, Lee agreed to write stories for DC Comics, finding Superman, Batman, Wonder Voman and other signs for Marvel's one-day rival. DC Vice President and publisher Paul Levitz had nothing but compliments when an agreement was reached.
"With his art collaborators in Marvel, Stan has co-created the richest imaginary universe ever made by a comic strip author," he said.
Dapper, a friendly comic stripe player, continued to work in his 90s on numerous projects, including comics, films and DVDs.
At the end of the nineties, he asked to use Internet insanity, offering animated "Websode" comic actions. Stan Lee Media also tried to dedicate himself to young people by contract with pop artists Backstreet Bois and Marie J. Blige.
The company went bankrupt, and three accused for allegedly deceiving a scam business. Lee was not involved.
After the initial failure, Lee formed the success of Pov! A fun company to launch animated internet projects.
Lee survived his daughter Joanie. His 70-year-old woman died last year.
Associated Press writers Dave Zelio and John Rogers contributed to this story