At any moment in their lives, everyone suffers from stress. The death of a loved one, change of work and even daily responsibility can cause stress.
Although many scientific studies support short-term stress as a key element in survival, in the long run, the consequences for the body can be devastating if not resolved.
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Irritability, anxiety, depression, headache and insomnia are among the most interesting consequences of specialists, all of which relate to symptoms that relate to behavior or mental condition.
But adrenaline and cortisol can affect and weaken different organs or body parts, the American Institute for Stress (AIS), a non-profit organization that provides information on the role of stress in health and disease, explains.
"There is growing evidence of links between poor management of stress and physical illness," says Dr. Daniel K. Hall-Flavin on the website of the Maio Clinic.
1. Immune system
A stress-free hormone tower reduces the body's response to external invaders. Viruses, bacteria and other harmful health agents penetrate our body more easily.
Psychologist Kristin Huffield of the University of Queen Mary in London tells BBC Mundo that "stress has many negative effects on our body when you stress that you are more susceptible to viral illness".
Influenza and common cold, as well as other infections, are the most common, but stress can also increase the time needed to recover from illness or injury.
2. Sexuality and reproductive system
If there is something that experts agree, stress is exhausting both for the body and for the mind. Therefore, says the US Institute of Stress, it is not common to lose sexual desire during stress.
If stress persists for a long time, the level of testosterone may begin to decrease. This can interfere with the production of spermatozoa and cause erectile dysfunction or impotence.
Chronic stress can also increase the risk of infection in male reproductive organs such as prostate and testis.
For women, stress can affect the menstrual cycle. This can lead to irregular, severe or painful periods.
Chronic stress can also increase the physical symptoms of menopause.
3. Digestive system
Loss, reflux, bloating or constipation are some of the most unfavorable long-term effects when stress becomes chronic.
In addition, in response to this situation, the liver produces sugar that goes directly into the bloodstream.
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It is possible that people undergoing long stress can not cope with this additional increase in glucose.
This implies an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Stress can affect digestion and how nutrients are absorbed in the intestines.
"This can lead to deficiencies in mental health, memory and learning and to poorer metabolic regulation," says Kristin Hadfield.
4. Heart and respiratory system
If you already have a problem with breathing such as asthma or emphysema, stress can make breathing difficult.
In situations of stress, the heart also falls faster. Hormones cause blood vessels and divert more oxygen into the muscles, which increases blood pressure.
As a result, frequent stress causes the heart to work for too long. When blood pressure increases, there is also a risk of stroke or heart attack.
Muscle tension as a result of stress can cause headaches, back pain, shoulder and pain in the body.
But if all these internal symptoms are not sufficient, chronic stress gives preference to the emergence of imbalance in behavior, such as eating disorders or the abuse of drugs or alcohol.
"It's hard to think of any disease in which stress can not play an aggravating role or any part of the body that is not hit," the American Institute for Stress explains.
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