Despite some failures, space exploration still has great strength and interest. Every year we go a little further and we understand a bit more about "the final border", and in 2018 it was no exception. During these last twelve months we have said goodbye to some of our favorite missions, we celebrated the anniversary, and we are a little closer to our neighbor, planet Mars. As we enter the New Year, we present some of the most significant achievements in the exploration of the universe and the most important astronomical events in 2018.
60 YEARS OF OUR
Created by the National Law on Aeronautics and Space from 1958, the space agency began with formal operations on October 1, 1958. civil and scientific space and space research.
NASA has opened the way to the United States and the international community for space. Just 11 years after its establishment, the space agency arrived to the Moon and eventually sent 12 astronauts to the surface. In the eighties, nineties and early 2000s, the program was dedicated to Space Shuttle, overseeing 135 missions that established the framework of the International Space Station. Recently, the agency explored the sun, visited all the planets in our solar system, studied asteroids and comets, launched long-range telescopes and even sent rovers to Mars.
In the future, it is expected that NASA will be the driving force that will take the astronauts to the red planet. NASA is planning to develop the Lunar Orbital Platform Gatevai, a small station that will serve as a mission array for the Moon. The experience gained by these missions will help NASA, along with its international and commercial partners, take the next step on Mars.
PARKER PROBE AND ITS ACCESS TO SUN
In August 2018, NASA launched the Sun Parker Parker, a spacecraft designed to travel to the edge of our star's corner to study solar winds. These powerful explosions, which create the brilliant Boreal Aurora, can also affect satellites in orbit and their communication with the Earth. Even from time to time, solar winds can be strong enough to interrupt global positioning (GPS) and high frequency radio communications.
Scientists studying solar winds know very little about how they are generated, and Parker's solar probe hopes to answer some of the most relevant issues traveling to the outer atmosphere of the Sun, where it will take samples directly from solar particles and measure magnetic fields. The probe will also measure the temperature the sun to make scientists realize that a relatively cold star, compared to others (6,000 degrees Celsius), can produce a corona that is so hot that it reaches millions of degrees Celsius.
SELPHY INSIGHT LANDER ON MARS
On Monday, November 26, 2018 at 14:50, NASA's InSight Lander successfully landed on the surface of Mars. They had seven risky minutes when the lander entered the tiny Mars atmosphere with hyper-speed speed and slowed down for perfect landing. Immediately afterwards, InSight took its first self on the surface of the red planet.
Now on Mars, InSight will be busy collecting geological data from core to crust. Lander will analyze the different layers of the planet's rock, measure planetary temperatures, and generate ball track information. Scientists hope that not only can we better understand Mars, but also the Earth, its differences and similarities.
VIRGIN GALAKTIKA GIVES EDGE EXTERIOR SPACE
After the 2014 crash, which seized the life of the pilot and caused a two-year delay, Virgin Galactic returned with her plans to conduct commercial flights to the tourist area. The company supported by Sir Richard Branson successfully completed four space years in 2018. The last attempt in December reached 51 miles to the Karman line, or the boundaries between the atmosphere and the universe, before it was returned to Earth in a certain way, with a soft downhill in the air and space port of Mojave.
Data collected from flight will be analyzed and used to improve the safety and performance of future attempts. The next test flight will be used to simulate the commercial weight of cargo expected when a boat is full of passengers. More than 600 people bought travel tickets on Virgin Galactic for reuse. Each card costs $ 250,000, but Branson hopes to one day reduce that amount to $ 40 or $ 50,000.
SPACEKS CONTINUED BREAKING RECORDS
In 2018, it was another great year for SpaceKs, and the company once again showed the world that retractable rockets are the way of the future. SpaceKs made 20 launches in 2018, surpassing the 18th launch in 2017. One of the most recently deployed 64 satellites in orbit, a record number deployment for a single mission in the United States. The world record holder is the mission of the Indian Polar Satellite Launch (PSLV), which allocated 104 satellites in February 2017.
SpaceKs continues to surprise us with its multiple missiles. For the first time this year, the same driver that launched the Falcon 9 was used for three different launches and landings. But the Falcon 9 rocket is not the only spacecraft in the SpaceKs arsenal. The company also developed a Dragon Capsule, a multiple cargo ship that first made a flight in December 2010. It is the first commercial ship to be built and managed successfully and recovering from orbit. This capsule continued with its successful complementing missions for the International Space Station in 2018.
END OF THE SHIPPING MISSION
NASA's mission, Dawn, came to an end in 2018 after the spacecraft was left without fuel. Space ship Dawn was launched in September 2007 and covered more than 4.3 billion miles (4.3 billion) in 11 years of operation. The aim of the mission was to study the dwarf planet Ceres and the giant asteroid Vesta in the asteroid belt.
The images and data obtained from the mission provided information on the origin of our solar system and how it could have evolved in its early years. He also provided a glimpse of the mountain dwarf, and a glimpse of the asteroid that indicates that it is below that rocky exterior of the ice. Now that his useful life has come to an end, Dawn will continue to orbit the dwarf planet Ceres.
TOP PHOTOS OF SPACE TELESCOPE
After nine long years of deep-air probing in search of new horizons, the Kepler Space Telescope finally left fuel and delivered its last record in 2018. after the deadline, thanks to NASA's scientists who kept it for another five years.
This telescope leaves no doubt a great legacy. During this time, Kepler was collecting data on thousands of planets outside our solar system, and a large amount of this new information is now available to the general public.