MADRID, May 30 (EUROPA PRESS) –
The Spanish Society for Medical Oncology (SEOM) reminded, on the occasion of World No Tobacco Day, celebrated on Friday, May 31, that between 30 and 50 percent of tumors can be avoided by adopting a habit of a healthy lifestyle. One of the main risk factors for cancer is tobacco: it is responsible for 33% of tumors and up to 22% of cancer deaths, according to the World Health Organization (VHO) data. ).
"Despite the important accomplishments achieved over the past decades in terms of tobacco awareness, it remains responsible for nearly 8 million cancer deaths in the world, 9 out of 10 people do not know that drinking or smoking increases the risk of developing cancer, but it is never too late for the cessation of smoking, the benefits start from the first day and 10 years after stopping smoking, the risk of dying from lung cancer is reduced in half. 40 years ago reduces the risk of death from diseases related to burmut by 90 percent, "said its president, Ruth Vera.
Tobacco consumption, as a determinant of multiple diseases, and as the first known cause of mortality and morbidity that can be avoided, is a "public health problem of the first order," says SEOM. According to WHO, more than 1.1 billion people use tobacco.
According to estimates of the Spanish Cancer Registry Network (REDECAN), lung cancer will be the fourth most widespread tumor in Spain for women in 2015 at the third largest incident in 2019, mainly due to increased consumption of tobacco among women
"Accordingly, the incidence of lung cancer in women has continued to rise in recent years, while the incidence rate in men has continued to decline, probably in terms of increased consumption in women and reduction in males," they specify. The number of new cases of lung cancer in men reached its peak at the end of the 1980s and is still more common in men. It is estimated that, in 2019, 22,083 cases of lung cancer in men and 7,420 in women will be discovered in Spain.
SEOM comments that smoking is still responsible for the highest number of cancer deaths in the European Union, and 85-90% of cases of lung cancer can be directly attributed to smoking (active smokers or passive smokers). "Living with an active smoker is associated with an increase in the risk of lung cancer by 20 to 30 percent, and about half of smokers will die from causes associated with tobacco," they add.
On the other hand, they claim that tobacco is a risk factor for lung cancer, but also in various tumors, such as cramps, glands, larynx, esophagus, stomach, cervix, bladder, colon (colon and rectum). , kidney, pancreas and prostate, in addition to acute myeloid leukemia.
"The tobacco carcinogenic effect is estimated to be related to 16-40% of cases of cancer in general, which is why smoking is currently considered the best preventive measure against cancer." directly from 85 to 90 percent of lung cancer, but not only causing lung cancer, but other tumors, as well as respiratory and cardiocirculatory diseases, "they conclude.