Small but powerful. The protective wire is in the shape of a butterfly in the shape of a door, above the clavicle. It controls many of the most important body functions and produces hormones that affect breathing, heart rate, digestion, and body temperature. Then we answer six key questions about this vital gland for the metabolism of humans.
What problems with the thyroid gland exist?
When talking about disorders in the functioning of the thyroid gland, the most famous are: hyperthyroidism (when the thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormones than the body needs). And hypothyroidism (when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone). But they are not the only ones. In addition, there are other problems such as the goiter, which is the enlarged thyroid gland; also, thyroid gland and nodule carcinomas: chest glands in the thyroid gland. I thyroiditis: swelling of the thyroid gland.
What are the key symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
"The most characteristic symptoms of hyperthyroidism are the lack of muscular strength, insomnia, nervousness, tremor, palpitations, eye changes and goiter, among others," says Ana Maria Orlandi, head of the heart protectors sector of the Endocrinology Unit Hospital Alvarez and president of the Argentine Society for Endocrinology and metabolism.
It highlights the most characteristic symptoms of hypothyroidism: fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, severe constipation, drowsiness, generalized edema, dry skin and brittle nails, among others. "In any case, symptoms may be rare in subclinical or severe illnesses when consultation or diagnosis is delayed, and the change progresses," he says.
What is a subclinical thyroid disease?
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is a picture of mild or monosymptomatic hyperthyroidism, characterized by lower TSH levels and normal peripheral hormones (T4 and T3). By contrast, subclinical hypothyroidism is a mild degree of thyroid failure, which occurs with elevated TSH and with normal peripheral hormones.
And how is it treated?
The treatment of these conditions depends on the age of the patient, the biological moment, the relationship with pregnancy, the search for fertility and multiple conditions. "Taking into account these factors, treatment can be delayed, it is started gradually or in the same way as thyroid disease," Orlandi says.
These diseases affect women more than men. Is that so? Why?
"While the correlation of the cause is not clearly demonstrated, it is believed that since women have 2 x chromosomes, they would potentially receive a double genetic dose of sensitivity, which would be clearer for the development of autoimmune diseases on the thyroid gland," the expert explains.
How else do these diseases affect the health of women?
When changing the menstrual cycle. Shields help control the menstrual cycle. Depending on the amount of thyroid hormone, periods may be very rare, prolonged or irregular. Tinnitus disease can also make the menstrual period disappear for a few months or even longer.
Does it also cause difficulties?
Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can make pregnancy more difficult. This is because problems with the thyroid gland hormone can change the balance of hormones responsible for ovulation. Several studies have found a greater incidence of clinical or sub-clinical thyroid gland injury in infertile women compared to control women. However, to date there are no data that can show the actual incidence of infertility in these women.
Does it cause problems in pregnancy?
Injury to the thyroid gland during pregnancy can cause health problems in mothers and babies. For example, pregnancy in hypothyroid women is associated with multiple abortions and / or premature birth, says an expert. It is therefore important to have control to exclude or detect problems before they get pregnant during pregnancy.
What is postpartum thyroiditis?
It consists of inflammation of the thyroid gland after delivery and will affect 10 percent of women. People with postnatal thyroiditis often feel exhausting and moody. It is important to know that this condition usually goes unnoticed because the symptoms are very similar to postpartum depression. It could be premature menopause. If the immune system causes thyroid disease, other glands, such as the ovaries, may be compromised. This can cause early menopause (the cycle stops 40 years of age).
LA NACION (Argentina) – GDA