Since the World Wednesday marks the day of diabetes, readers have advised eating healthy, consuming fresh fruits and vegetables.
You should also try to avoid / reduce fat foods and exercise for at least 30 minutes a day. Another important factor is undergoing routine health control.
Doctors describe diabetes as a chronic, non-communicable disease in which there is persistently increased blood sugar, hyperglycaemia. Diabetes occurs either when the pancreas, a body in the body, does not produce enough insulin, which leads to type 1 diabetes, or when the body can not effectively use insulin, which leads to type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Modini Akiniinka, Senior Lecturer and Public Health Consultant at the Department of Health and Primary Health Care in the State of Lagos State University of Medicine (LASUCOM), described insulin as a hormone regulating blood sugar.
"Hyperglycaemia or increased blood sugar is the usual effect of uncontrolled diabetes, which in time causes serious damage to many body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels," she said.
Akiniinka explained that the government can help prevent diabetes by encouraging citizens to eat healthy and exercise through public health campaigns, providing a convenient environment, such as lateral walkways and bicycle paths, so that people can exercise more, increase tobacco taxes, and enforce " Do not smoke in public "laws.
She said: "Causes of type 1 diabetes are not clear, but the type 2 risk factors include overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, lack of exercise. Diabetes also occurs during pregnancy, which is known as gestational diabetes.
"Symptoms of diabetes include excessive urinary excretion (polyuria), polydipsia, constant starvation, weight loss, vision changes and fatigue.
"Type 1 diabetes is more common in younger people, while type 2, which is the most common in adults, has become common among younger people due to lifestyle. Women may have multiple risk factors, such as more obesity, but the prevalence of diabetes in both sexes varies in different populations.
"Prevention of diabetes involves the attainment and preservation of healthier weight, and additional weight is needed for weight control, and people should also avoid consuming sugar and saturated fats, as well as using tobacco." Smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Family consultant, dr. Chukwuma Ogunbor, explained that diabetes mellitus can be classified into four main groups, based on the causes.
He said: "For example, type 1 diabetes is the result of an immune system of the body, which should normally protect the body from harm, attack the pancreas, the insulin producing body. This leads to an absolute lack of insulin, which prevents the intake and adequate use of blood glucose. It is commonly seen in children, adolescents and young adults. It has a strong genetic predisposition, which makes up about 10 percent of patients with diabetes mellitus.
"The second group is type 2 diabetes. This disorder is deeply influenced by the lifestyle of many members of modern societies, so much that it has reached epidemic proportions. The main determinants are the increasing age, obesity, ethnicity and family history of diabetes.
"Pre-exposure to a condition known as insulin resistance, reduced insulin effects, which means that available insulin does not work adequately to clear blood glucose, but 90% of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus can be the result of pancreatic disease, such as pancreatitis, pancreatic zinc and tumors. They can also be induced by drugs such as antihypertensive, beta-blockers, thiazide, steroids, anticonvulsant hypoetin, immunosuppressive agents, and antipsychotics.
"The third group is gestational diabetes mellitus, which develops during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how cells use glucose in the sugar." Gestational diabetes causes high levels of blood sugar that can affect pregnancy and baby's health.
"However, it can be controlled by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if necessary, taking the medicine prescribed by your doctor. Controlling blood sugar can prevent a difficult birth and keep healthy both the patient and the baby.
"Blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery. If a patient has a history of gestational diabetes, they are in danger of type 2 diabetes.
"The fourth group is uncontrolled blood sugar in affected people, which can lead to heart disease, heart attacks, kidney diseases, visual impairment, erectile dysfunction, tingling and tingling of the limbs, stroke and predisposition to the development of infections and nail ulceration that can heal or progress to the point where amputation can be considered. "