- Every month, 20 minutes, in partnership with Doctissimo and YouGov, presents its barometer on the health knowledge and behavior of the French in relation to coronavirus.
- Their knowledge is very good, both about the symptoms and the precautions, and the respondents respect the closure. But doubts about future vaccines and the effects of the pandemic on physical and mental health are a cause for concern.
Take your heart rate regularly. For eight months, the French have been immersed in an unprecedented health crisis and news that causes anxiety. What did they learn about the coronavirus? Did they adopt obstacle gestures? Do they respect imprisonment and do they suffer from it? All these issues and many others have been solved by this first Young * health barometer for 20 minutes and Doctissimo. Every month, 20 minutes will present this barometer to see the evolution of French behavior and priorities related to coronavirus, and will look at other health topics.
This first review, among other things, shows that the French are well acquainted with Covid-19, that they adopted barrier gestures, respected the second imprisonment, but that a sedentary lifestyle, mental disorders and reluctance before the vaccine should address decision makers.
Good knowledge of diseases
Although the coronavirus was ubiquitous in the media and private conversations for eight months, it is encouraging to see that subjects were referred or almost referred to Covid-19. Only 3% think that their level of knowledge is bad about how to protect against this disease. “Overall, the French, regardless of their age group, know this well,” sums up Gerald Kierzek, an emergency physician and medical director of Doctissimo.
Respondents seem to know the symptoms well, with some of the same variations: 95% know that loss of smell and taste are part of it, 94% have difficulty breathing, 91% fever, 83% due to cough … On the other hand, only 75% know that the incubation period lasts between 3 and 5 days. The main comorbidities are also integrated into risk factors: obesity (for them 88%), diabetes (87%), arterial hypertension (81%) and respiratory and lung diseases (95%). On the other hand, three risk factors are less well known: cancer (75%), immunosuppression (66%), and kidney disease (64%).
What is worrying, however, is that 19% of French respondents postponed or canceled a doctor’s appointment due to fear of coronavirus. “However, in this second detention, instructions were given not to sacrifice medical supervision, the doctor complains. Therefore, we must convey the message: today there is no reason to avoid hospitals and medical offices. Only the intensive care units are overloaded, and circles have been set up for patients with Covid. Not to mention that this time caregivers and patients have masks and other protective equipment.
Respecting barrier gestures …
French masters not only gesture with a barrier, but also respect them. In fact, whether it was hand washing (94%), coughing in the elbow (85%) or the use of a disposable tissue (88%), the vast majority of respondents integrated various precautions. “Even the ventilation of his home twice a day, where we communicated less than in Germany, 83% of them know that,” Gerald Kierzek said. We moved from barrier measures that were not known and did not apply to reflexes, it is a real change in behavior. “To see if the following barometers will confirm that these measures have become common …” Because they act on all winter viruses, the flu as gastronomic, “reminds the doctor.
Our barometer also reflects the relative adoption of the TousAntiCovid application. In fact, only 26% of respondents said they downloaded it and 4% installed it and then deleted it. In addition, half of those who use the application activate it only for travel confirmations. Only 8% reported a contact case, and 6% received a notification advising them to be contact cases.
… And closedness
Surprisingly, 9 out of 10 respondents said they respected the second closure (92%) in the first two weeks and did not plan to ease efforts until December 1 (90%). A small nuance: all 30% of the panels answer that they “pretty much” followed the instructions. “We have heard a lot that the French have little respect for this second detention, less than the first,” the medical director of the Doctissimo website continued. However, these figures show the opposite of actual adhesion. Young people were also branded, reportedly less responsible. But this survey shows that 93% of young people aged 18 to 24 and 90% of those aged 25 to 34 avoid formal gatherings. “This erases the received ideas and speaks guilt,” the emergency doctor continues.
Impaired physical and mental health
We know how much the epidemic and the second imprisonment have weakened the mental health of some French people. Trouble that can be read on our health barometer: for 52% of respondents, Covid-19 negatively affects their morale. Surprisingly, 36% of them say that it did not affect their well-being.
“What worries me and worries me is that 54% of respondents have not had physical activity in the past two weeks,” notes Gerald Kierzek. We know their consequences on obesity, on physical and mental health. Many are worried about the rise in depression. But limiting the trip to 1 km and an hour is an obstacle to physical activity. And that doesn’t make any medical sense, what’s the problem when you’re out alone? It is a long-term crisis and absurd measures will not last. From the perspective of Macron’s speech, this lock could jump. “
The second part of the interesting study is a few hours from the announcement: the barometer focuses on what the French lack the most. First, the fact that they move freely (65%), almost in connection with seeing family (64%), then with friends (47%). Far behind us is going to a restaurant (34%). Only 17% regret not being able to go to local stores and 11% to the gym. However, according to the latest rumors, the government seems to favor a very gradual deconfinition by reopening local stores in early December, but extending travel certificates after December 1 … This should continue to limit contact with relatives.
Reluctance to vaccine
Our health barometer joins various studies published in recent weeks, which indicate a lack of confidence in future vaccines against Covid-19. In fact, if the vaccine were put on the market, 34% would be vaccinated as quickly as possible. For a quarter of the respondents, this is definitely not, but 28% say it probably wouldn’t work, and 14% don’t know. And among those who answered that they would not accept this vaccine, 36% plan to buy it as a second step. This additional data underscores the importance of the coming weeks of transparency and clear information on the efficacy, safety and value of this vaccination.
France is very divided on the issue of vaccination. And no matter how great this crisis is, future vaccines against Covid-19 are no exception to this trend. Thus, for 43% of respondents the vaccine should not be mandatory. “The biggest stake will be his safety,” says Gerald Kierzek. I see that when I talk to my patients, the frantic race for vaccines has tarnished the notion of efficiency. “
* The survey was conducted on 1,015 people representing representatives of the French national population aged 18 and over. The survey was conducted online, on the ownership panel of YouGov France, from November 18 to 19, 2020. Click on this link if you want to know more about this study.