Warning in the study of the World Day of Infection
Paris (AFP) – By the end of the next decade, nearly 11 million young children around the world are endangering pneumonia, the study said. Based on current trends, it is expected that more than 10.8 million children under five will die of an infectious disease that can actually be prevented by 2030, according to the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and Save the Children, the World Lungs Agency published on Monday.
While in industrialized countries, mainly older people develop pneumonia, developing countries are mostly children. In 2016 alone, according to the study, more than 880,000 children, most of them younger than two, died of this disease.
Based on previous data, some countries in Africa and South Asia are likely to be among the worst affected countries. For example, Nigeria and India have 1.7 million lung infant deaths, 700,000 in Pakistan, and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
At the same time, the authors of the study pointed out that many deaths can be prevented by relatively simple measures. For example, better vaccination coverage, cheap antibiotics and good nutrition for children can save 4.1 million lives.
Save the Children's head, Kevin Watkins, said it was amazing that "every year almost a million children die from a disease in which we have knowledge and resources to conquer." For pneumonia, unlike other dangerous diseases, there is no "pink loop, global peaks or marshes."
"But for anyone who cares about justice for children and their access to basic health care, this forgotten killer should be a definite concern for our time," said Vatkins. For this, among other things, there should be "drastically" reduced prices for existing pneumonia vaccines.
Pneumonia can be caused by viruses or bacteria. If you are being treated early and the immune system of the affected person is not too weak, it can be cured. However, in many cases children are ill with a disease, which is already weakened due to malnutrition.
Every year, more children worldwide die of lungs than malaria, diarrhea and smallpox. The goals of sustainable United Nations development by 2030 include "completion of child-abating fatalities".
Article from 12.11.2018