Almost everyone knows such moments: Have I pulled iron? Are the front doors really closed? Did I definitely turn off the stove? And almost everyone has already experienced this once a view is not enough and you are checking the situation again. This is often not a cause for concern.
Everyday life out of common
However, there are other cases. The vulnerable feel great internal pressure. You can not help but check 30 or 40 times if the window or fridge is actually locked. Everyday life is withdrawn from the compound due to this continuous control. "In such circumstances, there is probably an obsessive-compulsive disorder," says neurologist Prof. Aleksandar Munchau, who works at the University of Libek. There are a number of obsessive-compulsive disorders.
In addition to control constraints, regulatory constraints are possible – such as forcing utensils on the table in a certain order. There are pains to wash. Endangered faces feel anxiety or disgust with dirt, bacteria, viruses or body fluids. "As a result, hands, body and possibly even the entire apartment are washed or cleaned," explains Wolfgang Hartmann, general director of the German Society of Forced Diseases.
Involved people have a powerful impulse to calculate certain things, such as street signs, windows or books. "Compulsive thoughts that are constantly imposed on a person who opposes their will and who are aggressive in nature can be a problem," explains Christian Schmidt-Kraepelin, psychiatrist and psychotherapy specialist at LVR-Clinic Dusseldorf.
2.3 million people suffer
Approximately 2.3 million people are affected by an obsessive-compulsive disorder. This follows from the "Adult Health Study in Germany". What exactly is running them is not yet explored. Maybe the disease is hereditary. "A metabolic disorder in the brain can also play a role," Schmid-Kraepelin explains. Environmental factors can also contribute to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorders. "In a family where perfectionism plays a major role, there is a high likelihood that one member can become an obsessive-compulsive disorder," says Hartmann.
Often, many years pass before those who are affected seek professional assistance. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder is often not done, the guidelines for treating CSOs are said to be, some kind of guide for doctors. Often, the obsessive-compulsive disorder is wrongly classified as ADHD (Hyperactivity Disorder).
There are no negative consequences
If the CID is correctly diagnosed, it can be treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy. The therapist and patient together analyze the moments in which they are being forced and the trigger. Later, the patient sets situations in which he feels the desire to work or he thinks something concrete. The therapist is now preventing him from coercing himself. Therefore, the patient feels that the negative consequences are not scared.
Cousins, but besides an obsessive-compulsive disorder, so-called. These are sudden movements that are very similar, but exaggerated and repetitive movements (motors) or vocalization (vocal tics). They appear under tension and do not serve any special purpose. It is estimated that up to 15 percent of elementary school students temporarily develop teeth. This can be expressed by grimming or blinking or repeating sentences.
In many cases, these tics are quick again – especially if they receive as little attention as possible. If parents are concerned, they can, of course, contact a pediatrician who can refer you to specialists. Enlightenment is everything-everything and everything, Munchau emphasizes: "There is no reason for a drama."
Consider the therapy
Only when it becomes chronic – that is, during a year – and the affected staff suffers, parents, a child and a doctor can consider the therapy. "In severe cases, medication can be prescribed temporarily," says Munchau, who is also a member of the German Society for Neurology.
For some children and adolescents, a few teeth occur everyday. If this is the case more than a year before the age of 18, it is called Tourette Syndrome. Those who are affected often have problems with their environment because of their teeth. This in turn causes stress that can aggravate symptoms. Tourette Germany therefore stresses that early diagnosis and monitoring is important in order to avoid psychological consequences as much as possible.
In the case of obsessive-compulsive disorders, like tics, relaxation therapy can be used as an adjunct to therapy, such as yoga or autogenic training.