Sunday , November 28 2021

Virus on banknotes – head doctor in Berlin Marc Bloching: "Normally about three to four colds a year"


Berlin –

Cough, cured nose, throat pain: As soon as the summer is over, half the city is spying. Marc Bloching, head of the ENT Clinic at Helios Clinic Berlin-Buch, explains why this is so and what everyone can do to fight the cold.

Why so autumn in the autumn?

Since the body can not be switched from warm to cold in such a short time, the temperature drop reduces the immune system. But many people still dress for the summer. This leads to a cold shock and allows the body to cool internally. Cold viruses have a light game. Add to that great risk of infection. Anyone who caught the cold includes others, the cold wave begins to move.

ENT Chief Doctor Marc Bloching.

ENT Chief Doctor Marc Bloching.

Some people often suffer from cold feet. Can it be cooled faster?

Occasional cold feet do not get cold. But who actually shoots often, it's easier. The skin cools, the blood vessels agree. Through the autonomic nervous system, these stimuli reach from the leg to the mucous membranes in the nasopharynx. Here, blood vessels agree and the circulation decreases. As a result, less immune cells enter the mucous membranes. Cold viruses make it easier to stumble.

Why do I always feel so weak and tired when I have a cold?

The body concentrates all its strengths on the immune system in an infection to effectively fight against the virus. As a result, the forces disappear elsewhere. In addition, infection with cold viruses on inflammation and defense reactions in connective tissues of the entire body develops. This not only makes you feel weak and tired, but also the reason that muscles and joints can hurt when you have a cold and fever.

Would you stay in bed, even if you are not very ill and have a fever?

That's what each patient decides independently. With a mild viral shade you do not necessarily need to go to bed, you can also quietly work on your desk without physical stress. However, if you feel weak, you must stay in bed in order to avoid complications in your heart. Our body is the best indicator of it. He signals us if he needs a break, we just have to listen to him. It also depends on the height of the fever.

When should I go to the doctor cold?

For severe symptoms and if your fever lasts longer than two days, you should go to a doctor. A visit to a doctor is also recommended if the bronchi and lungs are painful during coughing or if the pain is in sinuses or in the ear. There is a predominant additional bacterial infection, which is based on a viral infection, lungs, sinuses, or middle ear infections. The doctor can say whether this danger exists and that it will prescribe antibiotics in individual cases.

Why do some people cold several times a year, and others the only one or not?

Normally there are about three to four colds a year, in children twice as much. However, those who can avoid crowds and also worry, otherwise infected, of course, less often. Another major weakness is our immune system. People with a strong immune system are less at risk.

How long can I survive cold viruses?

It depends on the type of virus. On bills, handsets or do-it-yourself up to two weeks. Temperature also plays a role. The colder and the lower the temperature, the longer the virus will survive. By contrast, on the skin and on our hands, which are usually about 34 degrees warm, viruses survive only in shorter time.

Is it always the same virus that is blamed if you cool down several times a year?

There are always other viruses. We know about 200 different cold viruses. Most of them cause similar signs of illness. They constantly change their structure and the nature of their surface. That's why there are no vaccines or drugs with direct action for cold viruses.

Does the flu vaccine protect me from cooling?

No, it only helps against real influenza viruses, not against colds.

Why does cold usually last for seven days?

The immune system lasts for so long to develop antibodies against the virus and has successfully fought.

What can you do to shorten the cold, so it can take only three or five days?

Physical protection is very important. So do not do any hard work, do not do sports, do not go to the gym or in the sauna. The body now needs all the strength to deal with the virus. Drink plenty and keep the body warm. Heat increases blood circulation and thus increases defense of the body.

What medications are useful to get better faster?

Very important are rinse and decongestant drops or nasal sprays, both during the day, but especially at night. They prevent secretions from sticking and keeping openings on the sinuses and ear. They are convinced at night that you can breathe through your nose. Breathing through the mouth would dry out and irritate the mucous membranes. You can easily use it for one up to a maximum of two weeks.

Does it help you eat a lot of fruit?

A well-balanced diet can have a positive effect on the immune system. This includes daily fresh fruit. It contains vitamins A, C, D and E, as well as zinc.

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