India continues to have the highest load of lung and diarrhea in children around the world, with 158,176 pneumonia and 102,813 diarrheal deaths in 2016, according to a report on the progression of lung and diarrhea by the International Center for Vaccine Access (IVAC).
The report states that health systems are "extremely short" in ensuring that the most vulnerable children have access to prevention and treatment services in 15 countries, including India, which account for 70 percent of global pneumonia and diarrhea deaths in children under 5 years of age.
Despite significant reductions in recent years due to improved access to and use of medical interventions, nearly half a million pneumonia and diarrheal deaths have still occurred in two countries – India and Nigeria, the report said.
The death toll of children under five years of age due to lung in 2016 was 1.58.176, while mortality from diarrhea was 1.02813, according to the report.
Published before the tenth annual World Lung Lung on November 12, at the Bloomberg Public Health School in Bloomsberg, progress has been reported in the fight against these two diseases in 15 countries.
According to the report, 15 countries, compared with the highest number of pneumonia and diarrhea, have died from children, including India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Chad, Angola, Somalia, Indonesia, Tanzania, China, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Uganda and Cote d & # 39; Ivoire.
Reporting the coverage of RotaC, it has been reported that since 2017, the rotavirus vaccine has not been introduced in eight of the 15 countries in focus – Nigeria, DRC, Chad, Somalia, Indonesia, China, Bangladesh and Uganda.
Of the seven countries in which the rotavirus vaccine was introduced, the mean coverage of the complete rotavirus vaccine is 58 percent. "Among the countries that have introduced the vaccine since 2017, the lowest levels have been included in Pakistan (12 percent) and India (13 percent), both of which have recently begun a phase national introduction that has not yet reached all countries or provinces," says in the report.
They talked about progress in India, which has more than five pneumonia and diarrhea deaths than any other country in 2016, it was "mixed". The increase in the coverage of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) type vaccines, as well as the continuous increase in the rotavirus vaccine first introduced in mid-2016, has led to pain in achieving results for these interventions since last year's report.
"Introduced in 2017, a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) has been included in only six countries so far." Further consideration of the vaccine for all countries should be considered, "a report analyzing government data said.
It was also pointed out that the Indians for exclusive breastfeeding had fallen, as did the ORS coverage. "The percentage of children receiving important treatments remains asymmetric, with barely 20 percent receiving ORS for diarrhea," the report said.
"Progress in stopping child deaths is aggravated by persistent inequality in countries around the world," said Kate O'Brien, MD, MPH, professor at the Bloomberg School of International Health and executive director of IVAC. "Solving these inequalities will require higher levels of funding, strong political commitment, accountability with better data support, and coordinated global efforts that give priority to the most vulnerable," he added.
The report found that, although countries are advancing to improving vaccine coverage, they are seriously lagging behind in childhood childhood management efforts – especially among populations that are remote, impoverished, or otherwise remain behind.