TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Loss of appetite is normal. Sometimes it's just a psychological problem, but it can be a sign of a health problem.
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"The main cause of appetite loss is associated with diseases such as fever or gastrointestinal problems (gastric and intestinal problems)," said a nutrition expert at Ohio State University, Kacya Vavrek RD, according to Men's Health, Thursday, May 29
In addition, psychological problems and treatment can also affect the appetite. Here are some reasons why you are losing your appetite.
1. Fever or infection
Hospital Director Marina Del Rey Dr. Jeremy Korman says the loss of appetite is normal. Generally, this happens when white blood cells release cytokines that help fight infection. "Cytokines are chemicals that circulate in the blood to the brain and cause fever and fatigue, in addition to losing appetite," he said.
Bacterial infections, such as lung inflammation, and can cause a dramatic drop in appetite. But it will recover when recovered.
2. Stress and anxiety
Stress and anxiety can also cause you to lose your appetite. According to a Harvard health page, the reason is that stress causes your body to release the epinephrine hormone, also called adrenaline, which causes a decreased appetite.
But the opposite will happen if stress is still present. The body will release the hormone cortisol that increases appetite. Unfortunately, people who experience this sometimes overly think about the causes of stress so that they do not think about eating.
"Those who stop eating are so focused on their stress that they do not hear or hear their hungry signs," psychologist Susan Albers, PsyD, said in a Cleveland clinic.
Some drugs cause side effects, such as bowel and stomach problems, nausea, stomach ache, or diarrhea. This problem will cause you to lose your appetite. In addition, Healthline says heavy drugs such as codeine and morphine – like some antibiotics – can kill the desire for food.
Wavrek said, when the weather is hot, people prefer to eat snacks like salads and fresh fruit. Some even decide to skip a great meal. "A hot environment can suppress appetite, while a cold environment can increase appetite," he said.
In addition to the listed problems, reduced appetite can be caused by other diseases such as diabetes and cancer. Only, sometimes this disease is not easy to detect. Other symptoms appear that are not completely clear.
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According to Wavrek, if your weight drops dramatically or if you lose your appetite for more than four days without apparent reason, you should immediately visit a doctor. The sooner the problem is, the problem is overcome faster.
MUCH HEALTH HARVARD HEALTH