KOMPAS.com – The solar system contains many secrets to be discovered. Thousands of stars, planets, comets, and even meteorites are adorned by the layout of the solar system. Different countries compete to discover the secrets of the universe.
This situation occurred in the 1960s, when the Soviet Union and the United States competed to come and find something in the universe. The competition often called "space race"This can always find something new and useful for science.
After attempting to bring animals into space and bring people into orbit, the NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) or the US Space Agency also made a new resolution to identify and observe the surface of other planets.
Today, 47 years ago, on November 14, 1971, NASA's space vehicle arrived to Mars.
A vehicle that is part of the Mariner program was captured as the first vehicle to watch Mars. This incident became a record in the space world at that time.
Reporting from Forbes, Mariner 9 is an unmanned vehicle driven towards Mars from the center of Cape Cannaveral, Florida, USA on May 30, 1971. The vehicle was launched with its "partner" Mariner 8.
Mariner 9 aims to track its "partner" in a race on Mars, but the Mariner 8 spacecraft never came out of the Earth's orbit.
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Space race In each competition they always give a different color. When NASA launched Mariner, the Soviet Union launched a project called Mars on a space race.
However, the efforts made by NASA succeeded in winning the Soviet Union. Reporting from Mariner 9 Daili arrived in Mars on orbit on November 14, 1971, well ahead of the other two planes. Mars 2 arrived two weeks later on November 27, 1971, followed by Mars on December 2.
The mariner team Mariner 9 was sent to the orbiter's computer, ordering him to wait until a storm climbed to the surface of Mars.
According to Compass Daili On November 15, 1971, Mariner 9 circulates Mars's orbit twice a day and takes images and information about the planet in the form of atmospheric composition, density, pressure and temperature of Mars, as well as surface composition, temperature and topography of the planet.
After successfully achieving their orbit, scientists on earth witnessed clouds covering Mars and began to discover the shape of the surface of Mars.
The highest peak of the volcano appears for the first time, then the landscape is marked by the power of the wind and shocking water, and then the valley, deep canyon and crater break down.
The camera of the spacecraft also records what looks like three riverbeds, showing the existence of ancient water and possible life on this planet.
Mariner 9 has sent over 7,000 images of the "Red Planet" and has managed to capture the entire planet. Mariner 9 also sends pictures close the first month on Mars. The transfer was completed on October 27, 1972.