Diabetics in Indonesia can reach 30 million people in the next 2030 if lifestyle involves a lot of food and smoking is not reduced.
Currently, people with diabetes – the third deadly disease in Indonesia after stroke and heart disease – are about 10 million people. The number in the next 10 years may increase two to three times, said Dr. Susie Seti, consultant endrotrin, metabolic, diabetes in Jakarta.
Dr. Susie said that this chronic disease "can not be cured, but can be controlled so that complications can not occur."
How to prevent it is to maintain food intake, exercise and stop smoking, habits that can cause complications, especially in cardiac patients.
"If you lose just 10% of your weight from now, you can reduce the risk of greater diabetes," said Dr. Susie.
In the world, this sweet and fast illness kills more than a million people every year – and anyone can be hit.
This disease occurs when the body can not process all the sugar (glucose) in the bloodstream; causes complications that can lead to heart attack, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputations.
The number of patents continues to increase and is currently recorded at 422 million people worldwide – four times more than 30 years old, according to the World Health Organization (VHO).
Despite these risks, half diabetics do not understand this.
But changes in lifestyle can prevent it, in some cases. Here's how.
What Causes Diabetes?
When we eat, the body breaks carbohydrates into sugar (glucose). A hormone called insulin, which is produced in the pancreas, then sends the body cells to absorb sugar into energy.
Diabetes occurs when insulin is not produced or is not working properly, causing sugar to accumulate in our blood.
What types of diabetes?
There are several different types of diabetes.
He diabetes tipe 1, pancreas ceases to produce insulin, so glucose is found in the bloodstream.
Scientists do not know why this happened, but they believe it is a genetic or viral infection that counts cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. About 10% of people with type 1 diabetes.
He type of diabetes 2, Pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the hormone does not work properly.
This usually occurs in older or older people, but it has also been experienced by young people who are overweight and immobile and people of a certain ethnic origin, especially in South Asia.
Some pregnant women may be diagnosed with diabetes gestaciono, when their bodies do not produce enough insulin for themselves and their babies.
Numerous studies estimate about 6 to 16% of pregnant women who will suffer from diabetes gestaciono. They need to control the level of sugar through diet, physical activity and / or insulin use to prevent it from becoming type 2 diabetes.
People can also be diagnosed pra-diabetes – Increase in blood glucose levels and may become diabetes.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The most common symptoms include:
- I feel very thirsty
- Urinating more than usual, especially at night
- I feel very tired
- lose weight without doing anything
- which continues to occur
- vision blur
- wounds that never heal
According to British National Health Service, The British Health Agency, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes tend to occur in children or adolescents and are more severe.
People who are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes are over 40 years old (or 25 years old among South Asian); have parents or relatives with diabetes; overweight or obesity; originating in South Asia, China, the Caribbean or Africa.
How to prevent diabetes?
Diabetes depends on genetic and environmental factors, but you can help maintain blood sugar levels through healthy eating and active life.
Avoiding sweet foods and processed beverages and changing white bread and pasta with ovine is a good first step.
Sugar and refined grains are lower in nutrients because they take fiber and vitamins. Examples include white flour, white bread, white rice, white pasta, sweet drinks or soda, sweets and breakfast cereals with added sugar.
The composition of healthy food includes vegetables, fruits, nuts and wheat. Including healthy oils, walnuts, fatty fish rich in omega-3. such as sardines, salmon and sprays.
It's important to eat in a fixed time difference and stop eating too much.
Exercise also helps to reduce blood sugar levels. The National Health System in the UK (NHS) recommends 2.5 hours of aerobic exercise per week, such as fast walking and climbing stairs.
Healthy body weight will make it easier for the body to lower blood sugar levels. If you want to lose weight, do it gradually, between half a kilogram a week.
It is also important not to smoke and control cholesterol levels to reduce the risk of heart disease.
What are the complications of diabetes?
High blood sugar levels can seriously damage the blood vessels.
If the sugar can not flow properly in your body, blood will not get to the part it needs, increasing the risk of damage to the nerve (loss of taste and pain), loss of vision and foot infection.
The WHO argues that diabetes is the main cause of blindness, kidney, heart attack, high blood pressure, and amputation of the lower body.
It is estimated that in 2016 about 1.6 million deaths were caused by direct diabetes.
How many diabetics?
According to VHO, the number of diabetics increased from 108 million people in 1980 to 422 million in 2014.
In 1980, less than 5% of adults (over 18) suffered from diabetes in the world – in 2014, the rate was 8.5%.
The International Diabetes Organization estimates that nearly 80% of adults with diabetes live in middle or low income countries, where eating habits change rapidly.
In developed countries, diabetes is associated with poverty and the consumption of cheaper and processed foods.