Tuesday , September 27 2022

Nearly 10k people will die before 2050 due to "superbugs," the report concludes


Joe Leogue

Nearly 10,000 people in Ireland will die from now until 2050, unless something is done to address increasing drug resistance, the report said.

The data is shown in a OECD report titled "Suppression of Superbug Tide," which predicts that in Europe, North America and Australia, between 2.4 and 2.0 million people will die between 2015 and 2050 "due to superbug infections, if they no longer do in order to prevent antibiotic resistance ".

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which is the ability of bacteria to resist medications, is said to be exacerbated by inadequate use of antimicrobial agents, including antibiotics, in human health, agriculture and livestock and contamination of the environment.

The OECD warns that AMR growth rates are expressly threats to the elderly and babies – and that "even a small cut in the kitchen, minor surgeries or diseases such as pneumonia can become life threatening."

The report warns that superbugs are developing increased drug resistance due to a significant increase in antibiotic consumption since 1980. It was found that, while countries like France and Greece show consistently higher consumption rates, Ireland during this period had rising rates.

The authors of the study found that on average 17% of infections were estimated as a result of resistant bacteria through the OECD. However, this figure varies in the OECD countries.

While Ireland averages an average of 16.6%, only 3.5% of infections in Iceland are the result of over-suppression – the lowest in the OECD.

Turkey, Korea and Greece accounted for the highest percentage among OECD countries, where more than a third of the infections came due to bacterial resistance to drugs.

Using these figures, the authors estimate that the growing resistance of such diseases will cause 9,794 deaths in Ireland from now until 2050 – compared with only 40 in Iceland and over 1 million in the United States.

However, the report's authors believe that AMR growth can be solved through a cost-effective measure and said: "Three out of four deaths from superbug infections can be avoided by spending only $ 2 per person per year on simple steps such as hand-washing and a smarter antibiotic recipe ".

"A short-term investment that could prevent the burner could save lives and money in the long run," the report said.

"A five-year attack on antimicrobial resistance – promoting better hygiene, completing an over-prescribed antibiotic, quickly testing patients to determine if they have viral or bacterial infections, delay in antibiotic prescribing and mass media campaigns – is vital for the prevention of superbug tide.

"Policies for promoting hand washing, improving hygiene in health care facilities and healthcare management programs could be prevented between 34,931 and 37,836 deaths per year in 33 countries involved in the analysis.

"Other interventions such as mass media campaigns, delayed recipes and the use of rapid diagnostic tests bring a positive but limited impact on health," the statement said.

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