Consumers were again alerted to the risks of "ultra-processed" food. Two European studies published on Thursday suggest that the abuse of industrial dishes on the basis of this food increases cardiovascular risk and death. Called from Europe 1, a nutritionist at Bichat Hospital, Boris Hansel, reminded that it was important to limit his spending, saying that "the whole issue of balance, nothing is forbidden."
Ultra-processed foods are food that has undergone significant or significant chemical and industrial transformation that has changed the nutritional properties of food, or has led to the production of toxic products, i.e. improve their texture, taste or conservation ". "Many foods belong to this category," adds an expert.
"You have to be careful"
Boris Hansel confirms that excessive consumption of these foods can result in "an increased risk of cancer, diabetes or premature mortality," as several studies have shown. "When you follow people aged 5 to 7, if you increase the proportion of dietary intake of ultra-processed food by 10%, you increase the risk of these diseases by 10 to 15%."
Asked about how to deal with those risks, a nutritionist urges consumers to limit their spending: "We need to be careful … without banning them," he added. And to explain: "In nutrition, everything is about equilibrium: no food is allowed except in the case of allergies or special diseases." Every day, most of what we eat is a raw product, "says Hansel." Ultra-processed food is or when we need it, we can not do it differently, either because of pleasure, and we have the right to have fun. "
"Nitrite is added in delicacies"
On the other hand, Boris Hansel recalls that ultra-processed products are not only in supermarkets, but may also be "domestic" food. "Delicatessen, whether you are buying them in a supermarket or in butchers, there are nitrites that are added," the doctor explains.
To help consumers sort their shopping cart at a supermarket, Boris Hansel notes that "frozen products are often of better quality." It also requires consuming cooked dishes "where the amount of protein exceeds the amount of fat". Third tip: "Take food containing less than 20% of carbohydrates". Finally, it is advisable to choose less salty products, with less than 0.5 grams of salt per 100 grams.