Australian scientists who represent the University of Kueensland have found that fluoxetine-based antidepressants cause the development of resistance to antibiotics in many bacteria. The results of their research were published by Science Alert.
"We found convincing evidence that fluoxetine directly causes antibiotic resistance with genetic mutation," the authors said.
Scientists have experimented with Escherichia coli bacteria (E. coli, E. coli). They found that bacteria that grew and developed under the influence of fluoxetine when they were exposed to an antibiotic showed resistance to drug use. In particular, according to researchers, "these bacteria have shown significantly higher resistance to chloramphenicol, amoxicillin and tetracycline antibiotics." Also, the experts were able to see that there is a higher concentration of fluoxetine that affects the bacteria, the faster the antibiotic resistance is developed.
According to scientists, by 2050 superbugs that are resistant to antibiotics will kill up to 10 million people a year. As for fluoxetine, the main component of such popular antidepressants as Prozac and Sarafem, experts warn: about 11% of this substance is not absorbed, leaves the body and enters the environment through the sewage system.
Previously, Medicorum wrote that scientists predict a decrease in human life due to the development of resistance to antibiotics.
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