According to the regional department of Rospotrebnadzor, since the beginning of the year, the incidence of acute hepatitis B decreased by 91% and acute hepatitis C decreased by 79%.
Now the incidence of hepatitis B in the region is 0.33 per 100 thousand population, hepatitis C is 1.03 per 100 thousand. However, in the summer, South Urals was among the leading Russian regions with a high incidence of hepatitis C. The prevalence of this infection in the region was 1.7 times higher than the national average.
Reducing the incidence may be due to the emergence of new effective treatment regimes and the transition of hospitals and cosmetic salons to available instrument supplies, experts say.
At the same time, doctors note that late detection of the disease remains a problem. This applies particularly to the situation with hepatitis C. As the head of the regional health ministry Olga Sagalova reported earlier, half of the patients with hepatitis C are unaware of their diagnosis. The illness, which in the medical environment due to the absence of symptoms is also called "gentle killer", is often detected by accident, during medical examinations and other tests not related to the liver. In this sense, people who had blood transfusion, at least once tried intravenous drugs and had unprotected sex, are particularly vulnerable. Manicure, tattoo and piercing clients are also at risk.
In this case, the prognosis for the detection of hepatitis C in acute form, as a rule, is favorable. According to Olga Sagalova, 98.6% of patients are completely cured. Prevention and timely treatment are the only ways to protect against infection: Hepatitis C vaccine does not exist.
Hepatitis B has been vaccinated already in the early days of life while still in hospital. This is probably the reason why the last case of hepatitis B among children in the region was recorded 3 years ago. According to the medical doctors, precisely because of the vaccination, the incidence of infection among adults remains in less than one case per 100,000 inhabitants. Vaccination against hepatitis B In the cells of the southern Urals below 55 years will be delivered free of charge in the clinic.