More than 1,500 entries have been posted on the dedicated website vv.grand-debat.archi, whose summary will be delivered on March 28 to the Minister of Culture, Franck Riester, and President Emmanuel Macron.
"Repairing of city centers and reclassification of peripheral areas"
"Convinced that social anger is a yellow vest linked to the crisis in our ways of settling and developing our cities and territories," the progress report already gives the main lines of architects' proposals. Ecological transition is ubiquitous, as is the need for "thickening of suburban areas" and proximity to traffic and services. "Repairing city centers and reclaiming peripheral areas" are two markers. They call for the "preservation of biodiversity and natural land", the introduction of "pollution tax".
Denis Desus in an interview with AFP points out that it is necessary "to dedicate himself to renovating an existing building that corresponds to 99% of the park." "The building lasts for several generations, it is inhabited for hundreds of thousands of hours, has been changing the environment for decades," he argues, and therefore "the design of urbanism and architecture should not be the only speculative financial appetite."
Contributions explicitly propose that "massive renovation of housing facilities, guarantees the efficiency of renovation by the realization of the global diagnosis made by the architect, integrating health requirements". The process involving the owner: "grants or bonuses for renovation, access to credit, free advice".
The role of the architect
The "Best Architecture" claims the president of the National Council, "integrates the notions of ecology, biodiversity, health, heritage development, culture of the town and its inhabitants", "we do not build the goal n" quickly. "The architect is here to" innovate, "the book suggests. therefore proposes "the presence of an architect-consultant or" architect of the guard "in each municipality or group of municipalities."
For Denis Desus, the ELAN law, adopted at the end of 2018, "it takes 50 years by not placing any ecological, ecological, sociological and architectural goals for ways of housing production". He abolished the compulsory use of an architectural competition for large public housing operations. He changed the rules of public order by allowing major groups in the construction industry to take control of public construction markets, at the expense of craftsmen and SMEs. "
Denis Desus regrets the fall of LPA, irregular testing of housing finance. "All this" results in the current suspension of building permits and the commencement of housing. "" This is one of the main reasons for slowing down the housing. Economic growth: less than 100,000 homes, that's ten billion less activity, 300,000 jobs lost, and a slowdown in more industrial sectors. "" It is unacceptable to have 5,000,000 poorly-located French languages. This requires a legitimate government policy, the establishment of measures, including fiscal, simple and sustainable, and can no longer be disposed of in accordance with the laws of finance.
Keep only constructive standards
Significant resistance is due to the fact that "every time an architect designs a building, it must comply with 8 or 9000 standards and regulations," complains Denis Desus. These two types of standards are analyzed: "those, marginal and erratic, resulting from the action of the lobby" and "those aimed at improving construction, to increase the performance of thermal, acoustic, sanitary and safe".
In their suggestions, architects advocate the application of these standards: they advocate the "encouragement of a circular economy in the construction and use of healthy and bio-procured materials" and "ensure adaptability, availability and diversity of habitat." They also recommend "financing ecological transition for multi-year and legible assistance".