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On November 14, Frederick Banting's birthday was chosen for the Diabetes Day, which, together with Charles Best, first developed an idea that led to the discovery of insulin in 1921. Photo: BoBo

World Diabetes Day

November 14, 2018 at 08:40
Ljubljana – MMC RTV SLO, STA

Diabetes is one of the major challenges to public health. The number of diabetics is increasing everywhere in the world.

In Slovenia last year more than 111,000 patients received a medicine for reducing blood glucose levels, which places us in the central region of European and OECD countries. The number of people with diabetes is annually greater due to aging, longer life expectancy and greater diabetes and improved treatment.

Among men, diabetes is more common than in women, as every fifth person has diabetes mellitus, and each tenth is older than 65 years old. According to estimates, diabetes is recognized only in half of people with this disease, of which only half receive treatment. According to profession estimates, the number of people with diabetes found in the country, found and unrecognizable, can range from 154,000 to 175,000. So, in Slovenia there are about 50,000 people who do not know they have diabetes.

There will be several events on World Diabetes Day. At the info point at the Ljubljana Prešeren Square, sugar and blood sugar can be measured, and the student society will also measure it at the National Assembly. Measuring blood sugar and cholesterol and blood pressure will be done elsewhere in the country

There are great differences between regions in the incidence of diabetes. According to the National Institute of Public Health, the largest distribution is Zasavska, Posavska, Savinjska, Pomurska, and some areas of Podravina and southeastern Slovenia.

Obesity is the major independent risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease and the main predictive factor for reduced tolerance for glucose and type 2 diabetes. 2016, obesity has been detected in 19% of adults, and overweight and obesity are a common occurrence of 58 percent of adults.

Otherwise, diabetes can cause many complications, especially cardiovascular. In general, cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death or disability in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is therefore important to diagnose and treat diabetes and reduce the risk of long-standing complications, such as heart attack, kidney failure, blindness, and loss of limbs.

A. S.

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