Sunday , November 28 2021

After an episode of the flu, before the flu epidemic


Sabine Strobl

Soon, flu viruses will circulate again. The difficult thing: you do not know in what order and composition they appear and how much they are different from the previous year. Since the current vaccination is always based on the experience of the previous year, speculation is always involved in their development. It is particularly difficult to assess the forces of Influenzagruppe B.

"It is difficult to predict what specific influenza B influenza will appear in a year. Grip Group A has always been the same strain, H3N2 and H1N1 in recent years, but their incidence was different," explains Gunter Veiss, Director of Internal Medicine II in Innsbruck.

Sometimes the virus changes minimal, so virological memory can identify and combat viruses. Sometimes the virus changes and the immune response worsens. Veiss: "The problem with the vaccine is that it lags behind in a year, so to speak."

The second limitation is the effect associated with the age of the vaccine. "For children we have 90% vaccination, in the elderly about 30%," explains Veiss. Good news: If people get ill, despite the vaccination, the flu is less serious.

So, who needs to be vaccinated against influenza? Expert recommends vaccination for chronically ill and elderly people. It is important that the members of seriously and chronically ill persons also vaccinate. Veiss: "A man is trying to build a certain immunity of miracles around these people." Also, people in medical occupations regularly suggested vaccinations. Here you decide to protect yourself, your family and your foster parents.

In the end, parents are constantly asking if they need to have their child vaccinated against the flu. Children who have a chronic condition, such as asthma, advise Vajsa to vaccinate. Otherwise, it is the case that the advantages and disadvantages are assessed. For example, flu in children can sometimes be serious. Either parents can not accept that their child needs two weeks of home care. "You need to offer your parents a discussion of risks and benefits," the expert said.

From December to April, flu viruses will be repeated. Influenza is still a serious disease. Where the disease begins, it usually begins suddenly due to weakness, with joint pain and muscle and occasionally cough. It smells and high temperature even up to 40 degrees. In contrast, the thermometer increases in the influenza infection from 37 to 37.5 degrees, and this infection is accompanied by jet nose, fatigue, throat and headache. Every year about five to ten percent of the population in Tyrol suffers from a serious flu.

Flu diseases in this country barely repel. "In order to achieve effective protection, the average injection rate should be 80 percent, we currently have between 10 and 15 percent." For people who are at higher risk of flu or dying, a higher rate of vaccination coverage would be important, "concluded Veiss. So, movement is needed in all layers of the population.

Development in science is also exciting. As Veiss points out, many studies are taking place "how often can you get influenza in your life or if there is permanent immunity. And you also want to know how often you need to be vaccinated every year or maybe every other year?" Although it's a common illness, more there are always many unknowns.

Keyword …

… discarded pathogens

Anti-Virus and Co hand washing several times a day. Sports in moderation (do not overdo it) and a balanced diet also handles for the winter. Absence of smoking protects the mucous membranes in the throat.

… thousands of patients with flu

Every year in our latitudes, five to ten percent of the population agree with the flu during the cold season. Every season at the Innsbruck Clinic there are over 100 people due to severe influenza.

… flu epidemic during the holidays

The influenza flu comes from December to April. Possible reason: In cold weather, people are prone to it and they like to move together. In tropical countries, influenza occurs throughout the year, on the southern hemisphere in our summer months.

When you kneel, the droplets that are responsible for the infection spread in a circle of one to two meters. Pathogens are also transmitted by speaking, hopping, and touching finishing.

… flu in comparison

It is believed that a flu patient infects three to five other people. For the goddesses with. B. the incidence of infection is higher. It is expected that a sick person is infected with 13 to 20 other people.

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