Thursday , August 11 2022

Discovering "Songkhla-Trang-Satun" patients from the pest of the pesticides image, including 2 thousand countries


Director of Education Department no. 12 discovered "Songkhla-Trang-Satun", the top of the patients who poisoned pesticides While the total national figure 2.013 suggests that farmers are doing organic farming.

On March 15, Dr Suvit Thampala, director of the Office for Disease Prevention and Control (12) (SEPO 12), revealed the state of the disease of toxic pesticides in Roi Et 12, covering seven provinces, consisting of Songkhla, Phatthalung, Trang, Satun, Iala, Pattani and Narathivat Province It is expected to be caused by a steady increase in the use of pesticides, which revealed that in 2018 Songkhla has the highest patient rate of 6.86 people per hundred thousand, and then Trang 5.15 people per hundred thousand inhabitants. Satun 4.13 people per hundred thousand inhabitants, Yala 3.97 people per hundred thousand inhabitants, Phatthalung Province, 3 persons per hundred thousand inhabitants, Narathivat province, 2.66 people per hundred thousand inhabitants and the province of Pattani 0.96 people per table thousands of inhabitants

Dr. Suwit said that when testing and comparing data from sample collection from 2015 to 2018, it was found that the number of patients in SEPO 12 actually increases, and Songkhla has the highest rate of 4.22 people per hundred thousand inhabitants in 2015. In the year, it increased to 6.86 people per hundred thousand inhabitants; the province of Trang, with 3.30 people per hundred thousand inhabitants in 2015, increased to 5.15 people per hundred thousand inhabitants, the province of Iala with 1.79 people per hundred thousand population, has increased to 3.97 people per hundred thousand Population Currently, there are some provinces in which the number does not change much, namely, the province of Narathivat, with 2.95 people per hundred thousand inhabitants. It has increased to 2.66 people per 100,000 inhabitants in the province of Pattana, from 0.81 people per 100,000 inhabitants to 0.96 people per hundred thousand inhabitants, while at the same time there are 2 areas in which the rate drops from 6.82 people to 100,000 inhabitants in 2015 reduced to 3 people In one hundred thousand inhabitants and the province of Satun of 6.09 people per hundred thousand inhabitants in 2015 have been reduced to 4.13 inhabitants per hundred thousand inhabitants

"Chemicals used in agriculture Impacts on the health of agriculture itself. Harmful to the body and acute and chronic poisoning. Also affecting consumers. In the Roi Et 12 region, it has been found that the chemicals that cause the disease are insecticides. Herbicides and other chemicals Used in agriculture, or Dr. Suvit said that pesticides can enter the body in 3 ways: breathing through the mouth and through the skin. Therefore, it should not spray when it is windy or rainy and should always stand above the wind. Wear personal protective equipment such as protective mass etc. Do not eat food, water or smoke while mixing chemicals Check that the spray equipment is in good condition Do not damage before use if the nozzle is blocked Do not use your mouth to spray the spray nozzle but remove the spray nozzle to clean it by dipping in water or use an ashtray and rinse water. They should wear gloves and clothes If the chemical spills the body, use clean water for at least 15 minutes. And change yourself

Dr. Suvit said that pesticide chemicals are divided into 1. insecticides If you immediately receive high concentrations Causes acute poisoning With dizziness, headache, small pupils, mucus, tears, salivation and sweating, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, the heart can slow down or quickly Blood pressure may be low or high. Cramps and muscle weakness Including some mild symptoms of breathing, attacks or awareness, some of which cause paralysis of the cranial nerves. In case of skin contact Rash, burning sensation, stiffness in the exposed area has been detected. 2. Herbicide Acute poisoning Often, it causes mouth ulcers, pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing, vomiting, abdominal pain, baking sensation in the chest, later stages, less urine output, kidney failure, hepatitis, dyspnoea and has a high mortality rate from several organs, does not work In case of contact with skin Causes burns on the skin , pli Causes, stinging pain, and nails have been replaced by white or yellow. 3. fungicides. If you receive large quantities or high concentrations. Causing acute poisoning, often with dry throat, nasal congestion, coughing, eye irritation, red eyes, itching, and red rash. Most have an effect on gastrointestinal tract, nausea, vomiting, severe abdominal pain. Some people experience acute hepatitis. And some have Angina Hard breathing

Dr. Suvit said the latest SEPO 12 invites farmers to reduce the use of chemicals. With the help of organic agriculture and the use of biological agents instead of pesticides If it is inevitable Farmers should have safe behavior by reading, inserting, removing, reading labels, using pesticides before use. And be strictly followed Put the equipment in to prevent chemical hazards during work, such as tight clothing, masks, gloves and shoes, etc. Remove all kits and equipment used when spraying or working. Separate from other clothes Then immediately dry, immediately change and properly care products containing pesticides Separated from general waste To be in the hazardous waste group Left far from the water source To prevent environmental contamination People can look for more information on the telephone line of the Department for disease control in 1422.

Journalists reported that from 2001 to 2017. The year reported 34,221 cases of pesticide poisoning in Thailand, with 49 deaths, an average of 2,013 patients per year. Most were men aged 45 to 54 years. Year of agricultural occupation The rate of pesticide poisoning in 2018 was most common in Roi Et, followed by Uttaradit and Lampang, while the highest number of patients was recorded in the period from June to August. During the rainy season, farmers often grow and use large quantities of pesticides.

Matichon Online Source

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