Thursday , June 17 2021

3 Investment strategies that also function in the bull and bear markets

A good investment requires you to adjust your strategy in response to changes in the market. But when you’re a beginner, it can be hard to figure out what your next move should be, especially in times like these. It’s nice to have a few tried and tested principles that you can go back to. So, below, I have highlighted three tips that you can use to grow your wealth no matter how it is on the stock market.

1. Try averaging the dollar

On average, according to dollar costs, you regularly buy a predetermined dollar amount of a certain security. For example, you can invest $ 100 in inventory each week or $ 500 every two weeks. If you automate your contributions, you can do so even without thinking.

An appropriate man who counts money

Image source: Getty Images.

The biggest advantage of averaging costs in dollars is that you don’t have to worry about setting time in the market. Sometimes you buy when prices are high, and sometimes when they are low. In the end, it will equalize and in the end you will pay a reasonable price for all your shares.

It is quite easy to start averaging costs in dollars. First decide how much you can afford to invest and according to which schedule you want to invest. Then choose what you want to invest in. These can be stocks, mutual funds, exchange traded funds (ETFs) or anything else you want. See if you can automate your contributions so you don’t have to remember to make them manually. If you are investing in a retirement account like 401 (k), this should be fairly easy to set up. Talk to your company’s human resources department if you’re not sure how.

2. Focus on low-fee investments

You can’t completely avoid fees when investing, but you should always emphasize to reduce your costs as much as possible so that you can keep higher profits. Start by checking your broker’s fee schedule to understand what you’re paying. Compare this with other top brokers in the industry and measure their costs and offers to decide which one is right for you.

Also look at the costs associated with your investments, such as the cost ratios on ETFs and mutual funds. These are the annual fees you pay to help the fund and represent a percentage of the amount you have invested in the fund. For example, if you have a cost ratio of 0.5% and invest $ 100, you will pay $ 0.50 per year. Whenever possible, try to reduce cost ratios below 1%, as they can add up quickly, especially when you invest tens of thousands of dollars.

If you are investing in a retirement plan, look at the costs associated with the plan. There are usually administrative fees that are taken directly from the account. You can’t do much with them, but if they are more than you want to pay, you can consider moving money to the IRA. You can open one of them wherever you want and invest in almost anything you want, which gives you more control over the payment of fees.

3. Seek tax breaks

Tax-paying accounts, like your 401 (k) or IRA, are great places to store cash that you think you won’t need for decades. Depending on the type of account, they can give you a tax deduction today or when you withdraw your retirement.

Traditional, tax-deferred contributions to retirement accounts reduce your taxable income this year. So, if you earned $ 50,000 this year but invested $ 5,000 in a traditional IRA, the government would force you to pay taxes on only the remaining $ 45,000. The $ 5,000 invested would continue to grow without the need to pay taxes until you withdraw the funds.

These bills are usually best if you believe you are in a higher tax bracket today than you will have when you retire. Taking today’s tax credit will lead to a lower tax bill and potentially more money you can put to invest. Then you can use the lower tax rate in retirement to save even more.

Roth pension accounts work differently. You pay income tax today, so you don’t have to pay retirement tax. These accounts are better if you think you are now in the same or lower tax group compared to your pension. As long as you wait to have an account for at least five years and are 59 1/2 or more years old before withdrawing money, you will never pay income tax, which means more money for you.

If you decide to use a taxable brokerage account, try to keep the investment for at least a year before selling it. Then they will be subject to long-term capital gains tax instead of short-term capital gains tax. This will save you a lot and you may not be required to pay investment income tax, depending on your annual income.

The above three suggestions are good advice for most investors, but they are just the tip of the iceberg. If you want to become a great investor, you have to accept education as an ongoing part of the process. The more you learn how to invest, the better decisions you will be able to make.

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