To mark the second season of the Mars television series, Hollywood director Ron Hovard talked with the BBC about creating a realistic display of the first human colonies on the Red Planet.
If mankind would expand into the Universe, then Mars is probably our first step. With an atmosphere mainly composed of carbon dioxide and temperatures varying between 20C and -125C, the Red Planet is not very ideal for human occupation.
They should adapt to life almost entirely in closed habitats – so they do not have to apply open-air species.
But there may be a bigger issue in the game. Colonizing Mars would provide a man with a lifeboat, ensuring survival of our species if a civil catastrophe would have a major disaster – for example, an asteroid strike or an environmental breakdown.
This is something that many big names – like the SpaceKs founder, Elon Musk – are thinking about.
Through a hybrid of dramatic and documentary films, the Mars National Geographic series explores how people will establish themselves as an interplanetary species. Season 2 series starts on November 11th.
Mars Production Producers Ron Howard and Brian Grazer are responsible for a long list of hit Hollywood movies, including Splash, Cocoon, A Beautiful Mind and Apollo 13, as well as significant television series like From Earth to the Moon, which talked about the space race.
Ron Howard told BBC Nevs that while he was a great fan of space exploration, he was not initially sold for the importance of solving Mars.
"When I first started the series a few years ago, I thought it was a great idea to make an adventure on going to Mars and to make it as real as we could," says Mr. Howard.
"But I was not sure that I believed in the idea of going to Mars. I knew that I believed in the idea of exploring the universe … and every exhibition that advocates giving a statement that is healthy and positive for human beings – to inspire their the imagination to look outside.
"But as I went through the process of working on the show and interviewed some of the great thinkers, I really believe it strategically now – I do not mean it from a military point of view, I mean from the point of view of the current evolution of the human species … I do not just believe it is sustainable , I am a great advocate. "
The first season of Mars followed the crew of the Daedalus spacecraft because the astronauts tried to create a pioneering settlement on the Red Planet in 2033. Season two was set nine years later and followed the happiness of the first full colony. The script deals with everyday challenges of settlers, including the first born on the Red Planet, outbreaks of disease and mechanical breakdowns.
It also documents tensions between scientists who want to study the planet and private companies that want to profit from their natural resources.
"Here in our show we have interests that are not fully in line with the expedition, the private sector against this international group of scientists, and not everything developed on Earth, they have their own agenda and their orders. The fine printout that the conflict develops," said Mr. Howard.
The series has an international organization that is responsible for the scientific research of Mars. Indeed, many experts have argued that expanding the effort and costs of the Mars Mars-based Mars Mission is the only viable course of action if we are to arrive there soon.
However, with the support of the United States for the International Space Station, it was suggested that it be completed in 2024, and that the reliance on the Russian rocket Soyuz for flights to the space station to cease in the coming years could have resulted in approaching the culmination of an unprecedented international cooperation in human aircraft.
Look at the point: When will we send people to Mars?
Look at the point: Should we send people to Mars?
Asked what it would take to make the actual solution for Mars successful, Mr. Howard told me, "I think if there is a lesson in our season, it's that coordinated human beings can be international, both in terms of scientific research, national interests and corporate interests, that's better alignment. "
The documentary segments of the first season contained some high-profile historical stories, such as the daily operations of the SpaceKs masquerade and the Scottish Kelli annual mission on the International Space Station ship 2015/2016. Mr Howard said he thinks it will be more difficult to find case studies for the second season, but found abundant material at one of the country's last borders – the Arctic. Here, the interests of drilling oil are common in relation to scientific researchers and ecologists.
"Research on the different aspects of parallel stories in which industry and science are confronted, and the ecology of the planet is endangered, nicely aligned with what should really be resolved on Mars, where human beings must really affect their environment.
"So it turned out to be very interesting and useful. Also, since we learned a lot in the first year, I think we did better targeting documentary material that would support and enhance the drama of the script, so I think the whole thing is even a little more flawless. If the audience good answers to this season, and we do more seasons, but we have realized that there are excellent ways for the documentary side to be applied to the ongoing adventure of colonization and beyond. "
Elon Musk has described in detail his actual plans for the colonization of Mars. Although there is no tight deadline, it provides a completely re-transport system that will take 80 days to reach Mars. His combination of rockets and space ships would be 122 meters high – larger than the Saturn V rocket in Apollo, and carried 100 people.
Musk said he believed the Mars colony would need about a million people to become self-sustaining – one of his final hopes.
Mr. Howard said that the series had collected some engineering ideas proposed by SpaceKs, NASA and other sources. "Spacers probably see their own style of hybrid, we did not use any props from other films, so we had to create everything. We did our own projects and for our production team, on the TV budget, it's probably like throwing your own plan to go to Mars."
Speaking about the new series to a new group of journalists, Mr. Howard explained why he thought that exploration of the universe was permanently appealing: "My fascination began as a boy who witnessed the space race and everything that was achieved.
"It's obvious that the whole world feels like human beings were so capable and reluctant to have much joy. So, between the mystery of space and drama and the excitement and excitement of humanity's ability to investigate and actually experience it – it has just captured our imagination.
"One of the things that I learned to do on Apollo 13 and to interview so many astronauts who went to the Moon and walked the Moon-were in fact about that."
He added, "For them, it's just proof that it was possible to go, and that was the next horizon. That's what human beings do, they look at the horizon and want it there."
MARS returns to the second season on Sunday, November 11, at 20:00 on National Geographic