Wednesday , June 16 2021

Superbugs will "kill millions" by 2050 if the country does not act



AFP
More than this author

Millions of people in Europe, North America and Australia will die from superbug infections, unless countries give priority in fighting the growing threat to bacteria that are immune to the most well-known drugs, experts said Wednesday.

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) warned of "catastrophic consequences" for public health and consumption if basic hygiene hygiene is not raised and the unnecessary use of antibiotics is reduced.

Drug-resistant bacteria have killed more than 33,000 people in Europe in 2015, according to new surveys released separately this week.

The report on the significance of the OECD said that 2.4 million people could die of super-bugs by 2050 and that the cost of treating such infections would be $ 3.5 billion a year in each country involved in its analysis.

Michele Cecchini, OECD Public Health Leadership AFP These countries already spend an average of 10 percent of their health budgets for the treatment of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) bugs.

"AMR costs more than flu, more than HIV, more than tuberculosis, and this will cost even more if countries do not take steps to tackle this problem," he said.

How people consume more and more antibiotics – either through recipes or agriculture and cattle products that give drugs to prevent infection – a type of bacteria that develops against the effects of drugs intended for their killing develops.

In low- and middle-income countries, resistance is already high: in Indonesia Brazil and Russia up to 60 percent of bacterial infections are already resistant to at least one antibiotic.

It is anticipated that the growth of the AMR infection will be between four and seven times faster by 2030 than it is currently.

"Such high levels of resistance in health care systems, which are already weakened by limited budgets, will create conditions for the vast majority of victims who will mostly be infants, very young children and the elderly," the report said.

"Even small cuts in the kitchen, minor surgeries or diseases like pneumonia can become life threatening."

It may be another worrying prediction of the OECD that the resistance of the so-called " Second and third-line antibiotics – treatment of emergency infections in case of accidental cases – will be a 70% to 2030 balloon.

"These are antibiotics, as far as possible, we do not want to use because we want to support them," said Cekini.

"Basically, we use more when we need to use less and use our best options in case of an emergency."

A group that advises the World Health Organization on public health initiatives has said that the only way to prevent catastrophe is to implement immediate changes in behavior across the sector.

The report urged health workers to provide better universal hygiene standards in hospitals and clinics by insisting that all employees wash their hands and comply with stricter security regimes.

He also suggested that resistance can be better fought and tested faster to determine if the infection is viral – which means that antibiotics are useless – or bacterial.

New test tests can give results in a few minutes, and Cecchini also introduced the idea of ​​a "delayed recipe" to use excessive antibiotic use by waiting for patients three days before raising their antibiotics – roughly the time it takes for viral infections to start.

In the trials of the technique, two-thirds of patients who delayed the prescription for antibiotics never collected their medication.

The OECD said that such changes would cost around $ 2 (1.7 euros) per person per year and would save millions of lives and billions of dollars by mid-century.

"We would reduce the burden of AMR in these countries by 75 percent," Cecchini said. "It would be paid in a matter of months and produced significant savings."


Source link